*1 n (NATwA) · Sunshine, nickname of NATwA winker, David Sheinson.

      • 1977 July Cornell Alumni News (Ithaca, New York USA; p. 25) · His opponent, known in winkdom mysteriously by the single appellation “Sunshine” had won his right to challenge by taking the North American title.

      *2 symbol · asterisk, the symbol for a potout on a scoresheet.

      • 1993 November 1 news://alt.games.tiddlywinks · The keen reader will notice that there are quite a lot of asterisks! — Patrick Barrie


      11 Khartoum Road n (ETwA) · an ETwA team.


        A Team n (NATwA) · a team playing for a club with winkers that have the best winking experience, expertise, and likely performance.

          A.R.W. n (NATwA) · abbreviation for the Association of Retired Winkers. [Originated by NATwA winker Carl Chenkin.] Usage: mid-1970s.

            AGM n (ETwA) · abbreviation of the Annual General Meeting held by ETwA.

              agt n now rare · abbreviation for alt.games.tiddlywinks, the Usenet group for tiddlywinks postings.

                air shot n · a shot in which the squidger is held in the air above the wink to be shot rather than resting on it. Were the squidger to rest on the wink before shooting, the winks in the pile below the shot wink are likely to move unintentionally, thereby constituting a shot.

                  Alleghany Airlines Book Club Presents n (NATwA) · the title of a publication written and compiled by NATwA winker Sunshine, published in February 1976, that describes the rules for playing variant tiddlywinks games (perversions). [The name is derived from Allegheny (note “e” rather than “a”) Airlines, an airline company (which became USAir, then US Airways, and later merged with American Airlines)]

                    Alliance n (NATwA) · a NATwA team that played in the 1980s.

                      alt.games.tiddlywinks n · name of the original Usenet newsgroup for tiddlywinks on the Internet. [Created by ETwA winker Julian Porter.] Usage: starting 21 January 1993. Abbreviated: agt.

                      • 1993 January 21 news://alt.games.tiddlywinks · Well, here we are, alt.games.tiddlywinks is now in business, so there. — Julian Porter

                      Altrinham coffin n (ETwA) now obscure · the area near the pot where winks are very likely to be squopped. [Coined by winkers at the Altrincham Grammar School in Altrincham, Cheshire in the north of England] Usage: early 1960s.

                        amigos n (ETwA) now obscure · the act of swallowing a pint of a drink in one gulp. [Used by CUTwC winkers.] Usage: 1980s. Compare to sideways amigos.

                          Annual General Meeting n (ETwA) · a yearly meeting of the members of a tiddlywinks association or club/team during which key topics are discussed and decisions are made. Compare to congress.

                            approach shot n · a shot aimed at placing a wink at a particular position on the mat, sometimes near a target pile or the pot, without an intent to squop.

                            • 1958 April 7 Sports Illustrated (p. M6) · Two strokes more readily mastered are the approach shot and the short putt.

                            area n · a region on the mat that is dominated by the winks of, or containing squops or piles chiefly controlled by one color or partnership, into which an opponent is usually reluctant to venture.

                              Association of Retired Winkers n (NATwA) · a notional organization of winkers who have retired from actively playing the game. [Originated by NATwA winker Carl Chenkin.] Usage: mid-1970s. Abbreviated: ARW.

                                autoboondock (NATwA) now rare = boondock

                                  autosquop (ETwA) = sub, ULU

                                  • 1977 December Verbatim (p. 4) · sub or submarine v.t. or v.i. To shoot a wink (usually one's own) under another. In England called an autosquop of ULU. — Philip Michael Cohen


                                  B Team n (NATwA) · a winking team at a tier below the experience and performance levels of the primary, or A, team of a club or university. Compare to A Team, C Team.

                                  • 1974 The Missing Wink (p. 6) · There were no B-teams, and winks activity mainly centered around “club play[“], rather than at matches. — Severin Drix (NATwA)

                                  backstop n · a wink, pile, or the pot that is hit, usually intentionally, by a wink in motion and that slows or stops the wink in motion.

                                    Bancroft's School n (ETwA) · the name of an ETwA pre-collegiate tiddlywinks team in the early 1960s; the school is located in Woodford Green, Essex, in England.

                                      baseline n · a line near each of the four corners of the mat behind which winks are placed at the beginning of a game. This line is perpendicular to each diagonal of the mat and is three feet from the center of the mat.

                                        baseline pot n (ETwA) = potting game · a tiddlywinks perversion where squopping the opponent is not allowed. If squopping happens accidentally, the winks are desquopped.

                                          baseline squop n (ETwA) · shooting a wink from behind the baseline in the corner of the mat and squopping a wink in play.

                                          • 2008 Winking World 90 (p. 34) · I was particularly smug about a baseline squop onto a wink of Alan’s—on the far side of the pot

                                          Beady n (ETwA) · onetime nickname of ETwA winker Geoff Myers.

                                            beaker n (ETwA) now rare = pot (n) [Used by ETwA’s Hull Guildhall team in 1962.]

                                            • Winking World 4 (p. 11)

                                            Betty's Boys n (ETwA) · a team formed by Stew Sage and Richard Moore, first appearing in the ETwA Teams of Four in 1988 (earlier known as “Sideways Amigos”).

                                              Biden n (ETwA) · a tournament format in which winkers in one division play against winkers in another division. [Named after Julian Biden, ETwA winker; also associated with Vice President Joe Biden in contrast with Vice Presidential candidate, Sarah Palin who ran in the 1988 United States presidential election.] Compare to Palin.

                                              • 2008 Winking World 90 (p. 48) · But here’s the thing: with the Biden/bailout format, we have a direct comparison of the strengths of the two leagues, because one league has played against the other. — Matt Fayers

                                              big n (NATwA) · a large wink.

                                                Big Mama n (NATwA) · a large, two-inch wide, thick squidger used by Larry Kahn and made of polyvinyl chloride plastic.

                                                  Big Six n (NATwA) · the six major championships: NATwA Singles, NATwA Pairs, ETwA Singles, ETwA Pairs, World Singles, and World Pairs (prior to ScotTwA’s arrival on the scene with the Scottish Pairs in the early 1990s).

                                                    birthday present n (NATwA) · an opponent play that results in an unexpectedly easy shot for a gain.

                                                    • 1977 December Verbatim (p. 4) · birthday or Christmas present—an unexpected stroke of good fortune, such as a bad shot by an opponent — Philip Michael Cohen

                                                    BIT n (NATwA) · abbreviation for NATwA’s Boston Invitational Tournament, or generically, any tournament with a varying format. Usage: Held from 1970 to 1987..

                                                      blitz n · an attempt to pot out early in a game and when opponent winks are not under control. [From the term “blitz” used in military operations and adopted by some sports to mean a sudden or surprising attempt to attack. Blitz is derived from the German word, “Blitzkrieg”, meaning “rapid attack”.] Also vi.

                                                      • 1974 August The Missing Wink (p. 1) · The multitudes who jammed the MIT student center were treated to a potpourri of winks action which included blitzes, a tie, game-winning three foot pots and everyone’s favorite, long, drawn-out rounds.
                                                      • 1977 January Cornell Alumni News (Ithaca, New York USA; p. 25) · He quickly set up a solid defensive zone and established the very real threat than he would “blitz”—pot out one of his colors early in the game.

                                                      blowup or blow-up n · a shot, usually forceful, that separates winks in a pile.Also blow vt.

                                                      • Winking World 54 · This game looked interesting for a while, as we managed to collect five of Nick’s reds into a pile, but Nick blew the pile nicely, and wasn’t in much trouble from then on. — Andy Purvis

                                                      blunt adj (NATwA) · describing a round-edged squidger such as those that were provided in sets made by Marchant Games in the 1960s and 1970s. Contrast with sharp squidger. [Coined by NATwA winker Daniel Sachs at the 1994 Individual Pairs in Wheaton, Maryland USA.] Usage: 1994.

                                                        board n (Charles Relle) = table, mat

                                                          Bob-rookie strategy n (NATwA) · a strategy of focusing predominantly on squopping the better player of an opponent partnership, while ignoring the weaker player, usually applied when the difference in skill is great. [Named after NATwA winker Bob Henninge, who often plays with novice winkers.]

                                                            Bobbin'Bull n (NATwA) · onetime nickname of MIT winking partners Bob Henninge and Ferd Wulkan [Ferd Wulkan’s nickname is Ferdinand the Bull.]

                                                              bomb n · a shot in which a wink is shot toward a target pile, usually from a distance, with the objective of knocking one or more winks out of the pile.Also vt.

                                                              • 1962 December 14 Life (p. 122) · Stephen Goldberg (above) of Brown aims a “squidge” or “long bomb.”
                                                              • Winking World 54 · Nearly squopped up, Richard attempted to save the day with an over-the-pot bomb, but the Seventh Cavalry charged straight into the pot by mistake. — Andy Purvis

                                                              Bombay Bowl n (ETwA) · a tournament involving the four “home unions” in Britain (England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland) that is now lapsed. [The name was a play on “Calcutta Cup”, an England-Scotland Rugby Football match.] Usage: starting 1 May 1960.

                                                                Bonham recording system n (ETwA) now rare · a method and notation for documenting the shots and results of a tiddlywinks game.

                                                                • Winking World 5
                                                                • ETwA E2

                                                                boon n (NATwA) = boondock [A clipped form of the word, boondock.]

                                                                  boondock1 n · a shot in which a squopped wink is freed and comes to rest far from the center of action in a game, or is sent off the mat. [First used by NATwA winkers. Derived from the term boondock originally adopted by American military troops in the Philippines in the 1910s, which ws based on the Tagalog word, bundok, meaning mountain, or a remote location.] Also vt. Usage: around 1971.

                                                                  • 1977 December Verbatim (p. 4) · boondock—to shoot (a wink) far from the scene of action or off the mat. Incidentally, winkers who graduate & move away from the centers of activity are said to be ‘boondocked.’ — Philip Michael Cohen

                                                                  boondock2 n (NATwA) · a perversion (variant of tiddlywinks) in which the goal is to pot all of a color’s winks, and when a wink is squopped, it is returned to its baseline.

                                                                    boondock and squop n (NATwA) = John Lennon Memorial Shot · a shot that produces two results: a wink is boondocked, and the first wink shot comes to rest on another wink, squopping it.

                                                                      boondocked n · said of a winker who lives or has traveled far away from locations where tiddlywinks is avidly played.

                                                                      • 1974 August The Missing Wink (p. 7) · True, few players leave NATwA unless they are boondocked (and even some of them return for a few matches)

                                                                      bounce-in n · a wink that bounces on the mat before entering and coming to rest in the pot.

                                                                        bounce-out vi · to shoot a wink that enters the pot, hits the interior of the pot or a wink inside the pot, and comes out of the pot.Also n.

                                                                        • Winking World 1 (p. 4)
                                                                        • Winking World 54 · This time the wink bounced out of the pot. — Andy Purvis

                                                                        brace n (Charles Relle) = bridge · two winks close together that can easily be squopped. [First used by ETwA winker John Furlonger.] Also vt. Usage: 1961 or before.

                                                                          bridge vt · to shoot a wink to squop two winks, neither of which are squopping the other.

                                                                            bridge n · a pile in which two winks are bridged.

                                                                            • ### PartridgeCyril Edwards

                                                                            bring-in n · a squidge-in or an approach shot from a distance.

                                                                              Bristol or bristol n · a gromp shot in which the face of the squidger is held predominantly perpendicular to the wink being played, and roughly parallel to the intended direction of the shot. [From University of Bristol in England, where the shot originated.] Also vt.

                                                                              • Verbatim (p. 4) · Bristol—an effective gromp (q.v.), developed at Bristol U., in which the squidger is held perpendicular to the pile and parallel to the line of the flight. — Philip Michael Cohen

                                                                              Bristol Good or bristol good n (NATwA) = Cambridge Good · a shot in which the squidger is positioned on a wink or pile and shot in the style of a Bristol, with the intent that the wink or pile will dislodge winks in a separate pile as in a Good shot.

                                                                                bristollable adj · said of a pile or squop in which the winks are positioned suitably for executing a successful Bristol shot.

                                                                                  brunch n (ETwA) · to inadvertently pot when trying to go over the pot. [The term was invented by ETwA winker Paul Moss as part of a competition in Winking World; related to lunch.] Also vi, vt. Compare to lunch.

                                                                                    bucket n (ETwA) = pot

                                                                                      butt n · a shot where a wink hits the edge of a target wink, intending to knock the target wink off a pile or further away.Also vt.

                                                                                      • Verbatim (p. 4) · butt—to knock (a wink) on or off a pile by shooting another wink at it on a low trajectory. — Philip Michael Cohen

                                                                                      butt under vt · a shot, sometimes intentional, which instead of squopping a targeted wink, nudges it under an existing pile.

                                                                                        BYOTT n (NATwA) · abbreviation for the Bring Your Own Table Tournament, a NATwA tournament held in 1972.


                                                                                          C team n (NATwA) · a winking team at a tier below the experience and performance levels of the A and B teams playing for a club or university. Compare to A Team, B Team.

                                                                                            calypso n (ETwA) · a shot (usually a squop) that involves (deliberately or not) bouncing off the side of the pot onto a target wink.

                                                                                              Cambridge blue n (ETwA) · a pale turquoise (also known as duck-egg green) colored wink or squidger that came in tiddlywinks sets published by Marchant Games in the late 1960s; this color was used instead of blue, which was missing from these sets.

                                                                                                Cambridge Good n (ETwA) = Bristol Good

                                                                                                  Cambridge Open n (ETwA) · an ETwA tournament, similar to an Individual Pairs but not so systematic; partners and opponents are drawn completely randomly each round. The winker with the highest ppg is deemed the winner.

                                                                                                    Canadian Pairs n (NATwA) · a NATwA pairs tournament held in Canada in 1973 and 1974.

                                                                                                      Cannonball n (NATwA) · onetime nickname of Bill Renke in the early 1970s.

                                                                                                      • 1978 May 12 Newswink · In the Long Time No See Department, Bill “Cannonball” Renke played his first tournament game without a partner since winning the triple crown in 1973, due to his team having only five warm bodies capable of holding a squidger.

                                                                                                      carno or Carno n (NATwA) = Carnovsky [A clipped version of Carnovsky.]

                                                                                                        Carnovsky or carnovsky vi (NATwA) = Penhaligon (ETwA) · to pot a wink from a corner of the mat, usually during a squidge-in of an unplayed wink at the baseline. [Named after Steve Carnovsky, Harvard player in 1962, popularized in Life magazine’s December 14 issue.] Also vt.

                                                                                                          Carnovsky or carnovsky n (NATwA) = Penhaligon (ETwA) · a shot in which a wink was Carnovskied.

                                                                                                          • 1962 December 14 Life (p. 122) · They perfected the crowd-pleasing “Carnovsky,” named after Steve Carnovsky, varsity candidate who sank four table-length shots in a row during fall practice.

                                                                                                          Carpenter's Fan Club n (ETwA) · the team name used by WETS when competing in the ETwA Teams of Four; they were 1989-90 holders of the trophy.

                                                                                                            carve out vt (ETwA) = piddle

                                                                                                              Catford Invitation n (ETwA) · an exclusive invitational tournament held at the home of Charles Relle. These winking events raised money for charity. [Catford is a district of southeast London, where Charles Relle lived.]

                                                                                                              • 2005 New Year Winking World 82 (p. 12) · When I lived in London, I held several Catford Invitations, sometimes for eight players, occasionally for twelve, there being space for three tables, or for nine. — Charles Relle

                                                                                                              Chickenhearts n (NATwA) · a NATwA team combining the Chickens Courageous and Hearts of Oak (Cœurs de Chêne) teams.

                                                                                                              • 1978 May 12 Newswink 8 · The match was not a close one, with newly merged Chicken Hearts, veritably bursting under the constriction of the six-player team format, out-distancing the Zoo, forebodingly under-personed, and hapless MIT, feeling the absence of Nigeria-bound team captain Charles and as yet still boondocked Fred.
                                                                                                              • 1979 May-June Harvard Magazine (Cambridge, Massachusetts USA) · Competing were school teams from M.I.T., Cornell, Harvard, Boston University, and Ithaca High School, and various club teams, such as the Renaissance team, the Zoo team, and the Chickenhearts.

                                                                                                              Chickens Courageous n (NATwA) · a NATwA team formed from the TKOs, led by Sunshine.

                                                                                                                chip vt (ETwA) = piddle

                                                                                                                • 2008 WInking World 90 (p. 18) · with green I had chipped a blue onto another blue ready for yellow to mop up; Larry then chipped a red onto these blues, and yellow gratefully squopped. — Alan Dean

                                                                                                                Christmas pile n · a pile consisting of only green and red winks.

                                                                                                                  Christmas present n = birthday present

                                                                                                                  • 1977 December Verbatim (p. 4) · birthday or Christmas present—an unexpected stroke of good fortune, such as a bad shot by an opponent. — Philip Michael Cohen

                                                                                                                  Chrome Toads n (NATwA) · a NATwA team with winkers from southeastern Ohio, also called Xenopus.

                                                                                                                    circular squop n (NATwA) = Thorpe's Ring · a pile in which all winks are squopped; sometimes, a pile of two winks with this property.

                                                                                                                      click off n · a shot in which a wink is removed from squopping another wink, where the squidger stroke stops abruptly by clicking on this other wink.Also vt.

                                                                                                                      • 1977 December Verbatim (p. 4) · click off—to remove a wink from another with a shot that ends by just touching (clicking against) the wink below, not moving it. — Philip Michael Cohen

                                                                                                                      click shot n · a shot played on a wink that is squopping another wink. The squidger’s stroke on the played wink stops abruptly on this other wink, causing a sharp click sound. The other wink typically is not intended to be moved by this shot.

                                                                                                                        climb up vi (NATwA) · to shoot a wink that bounces off the exterior side of the pot on its trajectory that leads into the pot.

                                                                                                                          Closet of Fame n (NATwA) · a repository of tiddlywinks memorabilia in NATwA winker Bill Renke’s house. [After the term, Hall of Fame, used in many sports, such as the Baseball Hall of Fame.]

                                                                                                                          • 1971 April Newswink 4 · Sender Herschorn. Sonny Terry (of Sonny Terry and Brownie McGhee)’s favourite expression is, “Got you covered, man, got you covered.” Does this rate him special mention in the NATwA Closet of Fame?
                                                                                                                          • 1977 January Cornell Alumni News (Ithaca, New York USA; p. 26) · Drix‘s mat, the oldest regulation mat still in use in North America, will be inducted with honors into the Closet of Fame later in the year.

                                                                                                                          color order1 n · the prescribed official order of play of winks during a game: the cycle blue, green, red, and yellow (the alphabetical order of the colors in the English language).

                                                                                                                            color order2 n · the tactical recognition of the importance of dealing with one color rather than another because of the ramifications of the order in which those colors play.

                                                                                                                              color preference n · the desire of winking partners to play the winks of one color partnership (typically red and blue) rather than the other; also a query made prior to the commencement of some games to determine whether any winker has a color preference.

                                                                                                                                comb vt · to remove loose fluff from the mat with a comb.

                                                                                                                                  concave up adj now rare · said of a wink on the mat whose upper surface is concave. [Until the 1980s, nearly all winks had a slightly concave side and a slightly convex side. Concave side up was considered preferable by many winkers for most shots.]

                                                                                                                                  • 1977 March Youth (p. 48) · Even then, slight imperfections in the wink’s shape—uneven thickness, concave or convexness, curving may cause the best shot to go astray. — Daniel Dern (NATwA)

                                                                                                                                  Congress n · an annual meeting of NATwA or ETwA members.

                                                                                                                                  • 1958 May 10 The Times (London, England; p. 4) · Mr. Downes explained that the whole thing could be ironed out at the world tiddlvwink congress in Cambridge next month when a definitive set of rules would be drawn up.
                                                                                                                                  • 1958 June 13 The Times (London, England; p. 13) · Delegates from the major universities spent two days at this first World Tiddlywinks Congress formulating the rules.

                                                                                                                                  constipated adj (NATwA) · a tactical situation in which all winks of a color (or a partnership, or all players) are busy squopping other winks and sometimes busy protecting piles.

                                                                                                                                  • 1977 December Verbatim · constipated—said of a position in which one has winks but, because they are squopping other winks, they are tied down and useless. — Philip Michael Cohen

                                                                                                                                  Continentals n (NATwA) · the NATwA team championship tournament that was traditionally held in February. [Referring to the North American continent, the domain of NATwA.] Usage: Held from 1967 to 1986..

                                                                                                                                  • 1974 April The Missing Wink (p. 5) · Even at that first “Continentals”, Harvard had not been able to field a full team (which was eight in those days, as it still is in England), and when Cornell came to Harvard a week later, Harvard had only four players, plus one from Radcliffe. — Severin Drix (NATwA)
                                                                                                                                  • 1979 February My Winkly Reader · What’s the point of having the Continentals if nobody cares about winning it?

                                                                                                                                  Cornell n (NATwA) · a NATwA team representing Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.

                                                                                                                                    corner n · the area behind a baseline on the mat, in the corner, three feet from the center of the mat.

                                                                                                                                      counter n (ETwA) obsolete = wink [Term used by ETwA’s Hull Guildhall team.] Usage: 1962.

                                                                                                                                      • Winking World 4 (p. 11)

                                                                                                                                      counter-pot n (ETwA) = counterblitz

                                                                                                                                      • Winking World 52 (p. 2) · I stuck five from outrageous places all under attack, but then missed the sixth. Andy cleared up and counter-potted and Cyril beat Phil for our two points. — Rob Cartwright
                                                                                                                                      • 1993 June The Squopsman (p. 2) · Jon (blue) made the decision to bring in his 6th wink for the counter pot, assuming that Richard would miss his 15? shot. Richard (green) however, managed the 7th turn pot out with ease, the long one going down on the second shot.

                                                                                                                                      counterblitz n · an attempt to blitz by an opponent of a player that already has begun to blitz.

                                                                                                                                        cracker n (ETwA) = knock-off and squop · a shot that knocks a wink off another wink and then squops it. [A deliberately invented term when tiddlywinks was featured on a UK television programme presented by Robbie Coltrane (former star of the drama Cracker).] Usage: 2007.

                                                                                                                                        • 2008 Winking World 90 · And the lexicon was expanded fairly recently, with the shot previously referred to as a ‘knock-off and squop’ being christened the Cracker. — Matt Fayers
                                                                                                                                        • 2007 Winking World 90 (p. 30) · ###
                                                                                                                                        • Winking World (p. 3) · And the lexicon was expanded fairly recently, with the shot previously referred to as a “knock-off and squop” being christened the Cracker.

                                                                                                                                        Crown and Centipede n (NATwA) · a NATwA team formed by Severin Drix, which included high school students and teachers.

                                                                                                                                        • 1977 February My Winkly Reader · Also T-shirted were the Cornell team and Crown and Centipede, making Ren, the only NATwA team with a sponsor, the only ununiformed team.

                                                                                                                                        crud n (ETwA) = blow-up Compare to megacrud.

                                                                                                                                        • Winking World 5 (p. 5)

                                                                                                                                        cuddle vt (NATwA) · to shoot a wink close to a pile, generally within a wink’s diameter or so.

                                                                                                                                          Cullingham squop n (ETwA) · two winks both leaning against the pot but not touching. The top wink is a big wink, the bottom wink is a small one. The big wink is squopping the small one.

                                                                                                                                          • 1993 February 1 alt.games.tiddlywinks newsgroupAndy Purvis

                                                                                                                                          cup n = pot

                                                                                                                                          • 1890 December 2 The Preston Chronicle and Lancashire Advertiser (England; no. 4052 p. 7) · hen I see that boxes are sold containing all the necessary materials for a game of “Tiddledy Winks,” which is amusing enough, and consists, as most of us know, of a little round basin or cup, a number of counters, and two or four large round discs or counters, called “fliippers,” for with these the little counters are to be flipped into the basin, and those who flip in the most get the game.

                                                                                                                                          CUTwC n · abbreviation for the Cambridge University Tiddlywinks Club, formed in 1955 in Cambridge, England, and still active.


                                                                                                                                            dance n (NATwA) · the movement of a wink that is twirling around in the pot or on the mat before coming to rest.

                                                                                                                                            • 1977 December Verbatim (p. 4) · dance (of a wink) to wobble around on another wink, the rim of the pot, or the mat. — Philip Michael Cohen

                                                                                                                                            Dave Taylor n (ETwA) = Gottesman [Named after Dave Taylor, a CUTwC winker.]

                                                                                                                                              DB n (NATwA) obsolete = double boondock

                                                                                                                                                DC5 n (NATwA) now obscure · the five NATwA winkers residing in the Washington DC metropolitan area at a particular point in time: Dave Lockwood, Larry Kahn, Jim Marlin, Brad Schaefer, and Rick Tucker. [After the Dave Clark Five musical group of the 1960s. Usage dates from the late 1980s to 1994, when Brad moved to Connecticut.]

                                                                                                                                                  dead adj (NATwA) · said of a mat with inadequate resilience for proper winks play.

                                                                                                                                                    Debby Boone n (NATwA) obsolete = double boondock [After Debby Boone, American singer. First used by Rick Tucker in the late 1970s.]

                                                                                                                                                      Delrin n · a plastic material that has been used to make sharp squidgers, generally black or white. [First used by Rick Tucker. Delrin is a trademark of duPont.] Usage: early 1980s.

                                                                                                                                                        denurdle vi · to remove a wink from very close proximity to the pot, either by shooting that wink or by knocking it away with another wink. Also vt.

                                                                                                                                                          desquop1 vi (ETwA) · to uncover winks that are in piles after one color has potted out.

                                                                                                                                                          • 1997 Spring Winking World 68 (p. 11) · Why not stop the game when the sixth wink of a colour is potted and score up normally before transferring the point. This would stop all the silly desquopping and make scores 6.5* and 5.5* much more common. — Geoff Thorpe

                                                                                                                                                          desquop2 vi archaic = free · to free a squopped wink from a pile.

                                                                                                                                                          • 1971 April Newswink 4 · The vital tactic is to squop your opponents’ winks and pot them in desquopping.
                                                                                                                                                          • Winking World 1 (p. 2)
                                                                                                                                                          • 1962 September 14 Time (p. 56) · A squopped wink cannot be squidged again until it is de-squopped.

                                                                                                                                                          dive in vi · to send one or more winks intentionally into an area dominated by opponents.

                                                                                                                                                          • 2008 Winking World 90 (p. 48) · He brought in well, but I decided to set up a counter-threat rather than dive in. — Matt Fayers

                                                                                                                                                          dock vi (ETwA) = boondock [Clipped form of boondock. First used in 1985 by ETwA winker Devlin.] Also vt. Usage: 1985.

                                                                                                                                                            dominant corners n · the pair of diagonally-opposite corners of a mat that are considered more desirable than the other pair of corners. When a player is standing behind a dominant corner, his right side is near the long (six foot) edge of the mat, and his left side is near the short (three foot) edge of the mat. Usage: 1990s.

                                                                                                                                                              double1 n (NATwA) · a pile in which two winks are squopped by one wink.

                                                                                                                                                                double2 vt (NATwA) · to make a shot that results in a double.

                                                                                                                                                                  double blitz n · simultaneous blitz attempts by both colors of a partnership. Compare to blitz.

                                                                                                                                                                    double boondock n · a boondock that sends two (usually opponent) winks far away from the center of action in a game. Abbreviated: DB.

                                                                                                                                                                      double squop2 n archaic · a shot that sends two friendly winks to squop two different target winks, often in different directions.

                                                                                                                                                                        double-pot n now rare · a game strategy in which both players of a partnership attempt to pot out. Compare to double-squop, pot-squop.

                                                                                                                                                                        • Winking World 54 · He tried his usual tedious strategy of double-pot, but most people grew out of that in about 1962. — Jon Mapley
                                                                                                                                                                        • 2008 Winking World 90 (p. 18) · Then in the second game (double-pot type), I took the risk of letting Dave try a reasonable, though not certain, pot-out. — Alan Dean

                                                                                                                                                                        double-squop1 n now rare · a game strategy in which both players of a partnership attempt to control their opponents by squopping, without intending to pot their own winks until control is obtained and/or near the end of a game. Usage: 1960-1961. Compare to double-pot, pot-squop.

                                                                                                                                                                        • 2011 January 16 Email to Rick Tucker · He was one of the pioneers of double squop strategy, of which Cambridge disapproved, partly because we saw potting as the most important part of the game, and partly because Oxford invented it. — Charles Relle
                                                                                                                                                                        • 1993 January 15 Sennet (p. 7) · The Londoners double-squopped fiendishly against the now weary opposition and gained first place in every game to give them a final victory by four clear points.
                                                                                                                                                                        • 1970 The Illustrated London News (London, England; vol. 256 no. 1) · The ”Double-Squop” school prefers both players of the pair to cover their opponents’ winks before going for the pot.
                                                                                                                                                                        • 1997 Spring Winking World ### (p. 18) · However, during the academic year 1960-1961, double squop took hold, especially as Oxford, using double squop, beat Cambridge in the Varsity match of 1961. — Charles Relle

                                                                                                                                                                        doubleton n (ETwA) = double [Originated by Charles Relle. Derived from the term “doubleton” in the game of bridge.]

                                                                                                                                                                        • 2008 Winking World 90 (p. 24) · Sadly I rapidly ended up under three doubletons, some by my own subbing. — Andrew Garrard

                                                                                                                                                                        Dr. Fatty n (ETwA) · onetime nickname of ETwA winker Nick Inglis.

                                                                                                                                                                          Dr. Superfatty n (ETwA) · onetime nickname of ETwA winker Stew Sage.

                                                                                                                                                                            drag off vi · to knock a wink off another wink using a low trajectory shot.Also vt.

                                                                                                                                                                              Dragon n (NATwA) · nickname of NATwA winker Dave Lockwood.

                                                                                                                                                                                Dragon Cup n (NATwA) · a tournament sponsored by Dave Lockwood in 1979. Later, a challenge singles match (best score in five games), starting in 1989, patterned after ETwA’s Jubilee Singles. [From Dragon, nickname of Dave Lockwood.]

                                                                                                                                                                                  drop-kick vi (ETwA) obsolete · [To be provided] ### [Based on a term used in Rugby Union and Rugby League; it is a kick in which you drop the ball on the ground and kick it as it bounces up.]

                                                                                                                                                                                    drunken wink n · a wink that rolls and slides along the mat in an unexpectedly meandering fashion.

                                                                                                                                                                                    • 1977 Verbatim (p. 4) · drunken wink—a wink that behaves unpredictably or bizarrely. — Philip Michael Cohen

                                                                                                                                                                                    DuPont, send it to (NATwA) obscure · a boondock played with considerable force, with the intention of sending the boondocked wink off the table. [Originally used by Dave Pinckney to Fred Shapiro, referring to sending the wink in the direction of the DuPont gymnasium, a building adjacent to the MIT Student Center. However, Fred thought he heard “send it to the pot”. ] Usage: Introduced in NATwA during the late 1970s..


                                                                                                                                                                                      Eastern Regionals n (NATwA) · an annual NATwA teams tournament, generally held in December at MIT. Usage: held from 1970 to 1980.

                                                                                                                                                                                      • 1978 May 12 Newswink 8 · We hereby attempt to disprove the compelling thesis that no interesting article can be written about the 1977 Eastern Regionals, held at MIT December 3.

                                                                                                                                                                                      eat vt (NATwA) = squop

                                                                                                                                                                                      • 1977 Verbatim (p. 4) · eat—to squop; especially, to squop thoroughly, completely covering the lower wink. — Philip Michael Cohen

                                                                                                                                                                                      egg cup n obsolete = pot

                                                                                                                                                                                      • 1958 July 16 New York Herald Tribune · But in Britain there is a rudimentary literature of tiddlywinks, and one manual says: “Take an egg cup and set it in the center of a blanket spread taut on a table.[”]

                                                                                                                                                                                      Eggs n (ETwA) · nickname of Reverend Edgar Ambrose Willis, the first Secretary-General of ETwA. [Derived from Willis’s first name, Edgar.]

                                                                                                                                                                                        English Tiddlywinks Association n · the English Tiddlywinks Association, founded in 1958. Usage: 1958 to present. Abbreviated: ETwA.

                                                                                                                                                                                        • 1958 June 13 The Times (London, England; p. 13) · The congress, which was sponsored by the Cambridge University Tiddlywinks Club, also formed an English Tiddlywinks Association and appointed the Rev. E. A. Willis, a retired Minister, of Richmond, Surrey, who has played tiddlywinks for more than 50 years, as its secretary general.

                                                                                                                                                                                        ETwA or Etwa n = English Tiddlywinks Association Usage: Founded on 12 June 1958 at the First World Tiddlywinks Congress held in Cambridge England, and operating ever since..

                                                                                                                                                                                          ETwAn n uncommon · a member of ETwA.

                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1993 April 11 news://alt.games.tiddlywinks · In an recent article (expired on my network at least), Andy Purvis inquired about other ETwAns going to the NATwA Singles in June. — Rick Tucker


                                                                                                                                                                                          failure to free n · a situation during a game after one partnership has played all of the free turns allotted following squopping out its opponents, and has not freed any opponent winks.

                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1997 Spring Winking World 68 (p. 22) · failure to free ceased to be a foul shot some 5+ years ago. — Patrick Barrie

                                                                                                                                                                                          feeb vi (NATwA) = poss, George Michael · to make a poor attempt at a shot, usually in reference to a short squop attempt in which the shooting wink falls short of its target. [Clipped from the word feeble.] Also n.

                                                                                                                                                                                            felt n · the material with which officially-sanctioned mats have been made (originally made of natural wool through the 1970s, and now synthetic).

                                                                                                                                                                                              Ferd n · nickname of NATwA winker Peter Wulkan. [After his childhood nickname, “Ferdinand the Bull”.]

                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1971 April Newswink 4 · On the Saturday morning, as the matches were just getting under way, Somerville’s Ferdinand T. Bull said they were so confident of a win that they had left the CHYM Trophy at their home near Boston, Massachusetts.

                                                                                                                                                                                              fiat vincs ruat cælum n (NATwA) · NATwA motto: let winks be played, though the heavens crumble. [Adapted from the Latin phrase fiat justitia ruat caelum: let justice be done though the heavens fall. ]

                                                                                                                                                                                              • 2011 May 6 The Oxford Student (Oxford, England; p. online) · As the North American Tiddlywinks Association motto says, “Fiat vincs, ruat cælum!”
                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1976 NATwA Songbook
                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1997 March Youth (p. 48) · Like the NATwA motto says, Fiat vincs, ruat cælum. (Let winks be played, though the heavens crumble.) — Daniel Dern (NATwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                              fiber-based phenolic n · a plastic material sometimes used to make squidgers, generally brown. First used by Rick Tucker. Abbreviated: FBP.

                                                                                                                                                                                                field of play n · the areas on the mat where shots may be made once winks are brought in from the line. The areas behind each corner’s baseline are not part of the field of play.

                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1997 Spring Winking World 68 (p. 21) · Following on from last year’s complications over what constitutes the “field of play”, we wish to state explicitly that winks in the pot can’t be played. — Patrick Barrie

                                                                                                                                                                                                five-way pot-squop n (NATwA) · a tiddlywinks perversion in which five colors are employed. Each winker has two potential partners and two opponents. Usage: 1971.

                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1971 April Newswink 4 · 5-way squop out (conceptualized by NATwA winker Bob Henninge in a fit of incoherence).

                                                                                                                                                                                                flat adj (ETwA) · said of an unsquopped wink that has been brought into play.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Fleas n (NATwA) · an encyclopedic publication by NATwA winker Fred Shapiro that appeared in November 1978. [From fleas, the name for the game of tiddlywinks in many languages, e.g. jeu de puces (French).]

                                                                                                                                                                                                    flexible squidger n · a squidger made of nonrigid plastic, often made from a bottle-top or (especially in Great Britain in the 1980s) a phonecard or credit card.

                                                                                                                                                                                                      flexisquidger n (ETwA) = flexible squidger

                                                                                                                                                                                                        flip n · a shot that results in at least one wink coming to rest on its other side.Also vt.

                                                                                                                                                                                                          flog n (NATwA) · a tiddlywinks perversion based on golf in which players pot winks. [From the word “golf”, spelled backwards.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                            fluff n · a pilled tuft of felt from a mat that sits above the generally smooth surface of the mat.

                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1970 April Newswink 2 · At times I see myself as a piece of fluff under a pile of winks about to be exploited.

                                                                                                                                                                                                            foreign visitor rule n · a ruling by IFTwA that grants the highest-placing national contestant in a national championship the right to challenge the world champions should the winner of that national championship include a foreign winker. Usage: early 1980s.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              foul shot n (ETwA) · a shot that is contrary to the rules of tiddlywinks.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                four pot relay n · a tiddlywinks record-making activity that has been recognized periodically by the Guinness Book of World Records, involving four winkers each potting winks into his or her own pot for a specified length of time. When the first winker pots a wink, the second winker removes it and pots it into the second pot, and so on until the same wink has been potted into all four pots.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1970 September Newswink 3 · World 4-pot relay record broken! Old record was 24. New record established (twice) by Ferd, Bob, Sunshine, and Severin—33 !!!

                                                                                                                                                                                                                four-color game n (NATwA) · the official game of tiddlywinks, in which four sets of colored winks are used, six each of blue, green, red, and yellow.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  fractional score n · a game score of 5½ to 1½, 4⅔ to 2⅓, 4½ to 2½, or 3½ to 3½ in the official game of tiddlywinks.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    free vt · to make a shot that removes a squopped wink from a pile and results in it no longer being squopped.Also vi.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      free turns n · the specific number of turns for shooting winks that is awarded to a partnership that has squopped-out the opponent partnership.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        free wink n · a wink that is not squopped, not in the pot, and has been played into the field of play from the baseline.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          friendly game n · an informal tiddlywinks game that is intended to be relaxing and not competitive.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1993 June The Squopsman (Scotland) · But as we know today, “there is no such thing as a friendly game.” — Bruce Turnbull

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          fuzz n = fluff


                                                                                                                                                                                                                            game point n · one of the total of 7 points that are awarded to winkers at the conclusion of an official game of tiddlywinks. These 7 points include 4 that are awarded to the color with the most tiddlies (time-limit points), 2 to the next color, 1 to the next, and 0 to the remaining color. In the event of a potout, 1 point is transferred to the winning partnership.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              George Michael n (ETwA) now rare = feeb [Named after English singer and songwriter George Michael, popular in the 1980s and 1990s.] Usage: early 1980s.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Gill n (NATwA) · Gill, Massachusetts, the location of NATwA’s 25th anniversary reunion. Usage: 1991.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  GNATs n (NATwA) now rare · Abbreviation for Great North American Titles, which is a list of the top winners and second-place finishers in NATwA tournaments. [Named by Dave Lockwood in the late 1970s.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 1978 May 12 Newswink 8 · ###

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Golden Squidger n (ETwA) · an ETwA competition involving pairs.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Good vt · to perform a Good shot on a wink.Also vi.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Good shot or good shot n · a shot in which a played wink causes another wink to be moved (typically knocked off another wink) as a result of the played wink’s pressure upward on other wink from the bottom face or edge of the moved wink. [Invented by NATwA winker John Good of MIT in 1972.] Usage: 1972.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Goode shot n deprecated = Good shot [“Goode” is a misspelling of the last name of John Good, the inventor of the shot.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 1977 Verbatim (p. 4) · Goode shot—a shot used when one has a wink touching, but not on an unwanted pile. The wink is pressed hard into the mat and, when released, goes through the pile, thoroughly scattering it. — Philip Michael Cohen

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Goons n · a BBC radio comedy troupe in the 1950s that played CUTwC on 1 March 1958 at the request of Prince Philip, to defend his honor. The Goons team included Spike Milligan, Harry Secombe, Peter Sellers, Wallace Greenslade, Graham Stark, Max Geldray, Alan Simpson, and Ray Galton.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 1957 December 17 The Times (London, England; p. 9) · Early in the New Year a match, in aid of the National Playing Fields Association, will be played between the Goons, who have, with permission, taken the tide of Prince Philip’s Royal Tiddlywinks Champions, and the Cambridge University Tiddlywinks Club.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Gottesman n (NATwA) obsolete = Dave Taylor · a game strategy in which each wink that is brought in from the baseline is potted before subsequent winks of that color are brought in. [Named after winker Mike Gottesman of Harvard in 1966.] Usage: 1966.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          grand tour n (NATwA) · the path of a wink that rolls around the pot or through areas where other winks are located. [After the phrase, “a grand tour of the universe”.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Great White Wink1 n now rare · a fictional god-like overseer of winkdom. [After The Great White Hope, a play and film about boxing.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1980 February 16 Newswink 10 · The Ross Callon-Jim Roberts game ended in the 5th round with one end of the table collapsing and winks skittering off about the room (influenced by the Great White Wink?). — Rick Tucker (NATwA)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 2008 Winking World 90 (p. 19) · Sometimes I think the Great White Wink pre-ordains these games and I’m just a puppet on a string. — Alan Dean

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Great White Wink2 n (NATwA) now rare · a parable written by Fred Shapiro that is included in the publication, Fleas. Usage: 1978.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              gromp n · a shot that moves a pile of two (or sometimes more) winks to squop another wink.Also vt.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1977 Verbatim (p. 4) · gromp—to move a pile as a whole onto another wink or pile. — Philip Michael Cohen

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Gromper's Gazette n (NATwA) · a NATwA newsletter produced by Rick Tucker. Usage: published in 1992.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                guard n (ETwA) · an unsquopped wink near a friendly pile that can respond to attacks on that pile.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 2003 Winking World 81 (p. 11) · It seemed to me obvious to Bristol the red and yellow off the other red onto the yellow. This gives a doubleton and two guards. — Charles Relle

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Guess the Milk n (NATwA) · a joke told, and retold, by NATwA winker Severin Drix.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1979 February 17 Newswink 9 · Word has reached our ears that Severin is planning to do the “Guess the Milk” joke with Ferd this year.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Guinness Book of Records or Guinness Book of World Records n · a book documenting exemplary feats, including tiddlywinks records.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Guinness Trophy n (ETwA) = Bombay Bowl

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    GUTS n (NATwA) · the Gargoyle Undergraduate Tiddlywinks Society at Harvard University. [The Gargoyle was a humor magazine at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts.] Usage: 1962 to 1966.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 1962 October 27 Harvard Alumni Bulletin (Cambridge, Massachusetts USA; p. 110) · Accordingly, we formed GUTS (the Gargoyle Undergraduate Tiddlywinks Society), lost to Oxford, and now represent Harvard as the strongest team in America.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 1962 December 17 Sports Illustrated (p. 22) · So stupid that Sports Illustrated is covering it Saturday only, Yale vs. the undefeated G.U.T.S.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 1966 March 8 The Crimson (Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts USA) · The GUTS team played a wide-open brawling game.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    hairy's den n (ETwA) now rare · an area on the mat totally dominated by the opposition. [Used by ETwA winkers from the Bancroft team.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hampshire Open Pairs n (ETwA) · a tournament once played annually at Southampton.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        handicap n · in an handicapped tournament, a scoring adjustment assigned to a winker to level the winker’s chances of winning against other winkers.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Harvest n (NATwA) · a NATwA tournament held in October around harvest time in early October from 1976 to 1980, replacing the HOTT. [Named by Rick Tucker.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            hassle vt · to shoot a wink to land near an opponent wink with the intent of keeping the other wink busy or worried that it will be squopped.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 2008 Winking World 90 (p. 17) · Red had quite a supply of pottable winks, but blue was struggling, especially when hassled by green. — Alan Dean (ETwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Horsemeat n · nickname of Larry Kahn. [From Larry Kahn’s statement at the 1976 NATwA Pairs: “I’m playing like horsemeat”.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 2008 Winking World 90 (p. 31) · Larry’s ‘winks career started to take off when for some unknown reason Severin Drix decided to partner him in the 1976 pairs. After winning that (this is where the ‘horsemeat’ quote comes from), they went on to win the next two. — Larry Kahn (NATwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            HOTT n (NATwA) · the Halloween Open Teams Tournament, a NATwA tournament held around Halloween at the end of October from 1971 to 1975.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1974 August The Missing Wink (p. 6) · Matches were generally for two teams, and there was no overall structure to either guarantee that matches would occur (such as many “traditional” dates we now have, e.g. HOTT, BIT, Regionals, Continentals, etc.) or to give any sort of standings for the teams. — Severin Drix (NATwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Humbletoad Tree Farm n (NATwA) · a farm based in eastern Ohio, developed by Bob Henninge, and home to some winkers of the Toads team.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hyth n (NATwA) = HYTHNLBTWOC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                HYTHNLBTWOC n (NATwA) · abbreviation for the Hark Yon Tree Hath No Leaves But They Will Out Club, a NATwA team formed by Sunshine. The shortened version of the name is Hyth. The team evolved to become the TKOs. [First played in the February 1970 Continentals. Named by members of the team, each team member adding a succeeding word to the name.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1970 Newswink 3 · My team’s name is HYTHNLBTWOC (pronounced hith-nil-bit-wock), or “Hark Yon Tree Has No Leaves But They Will Out”. — Sunshine (NATwA)


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                idiot's delight n · trying to pot a wink into a pot that is held in the hand with the base used as a squidger on the wink.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  IFTwA n · the International Federation of Tiddlywinks Associations, the governing body for all recognized tiddlywinks associations.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ilkeston Toys n (ETwA) · the name of a British toy company that supplied tiddlywinks equipment in the early 1970s; formed by the owner of Marchant Games, Hughes Rudd. [Named after the town of Ilkeston in Derbyshire, England.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      illegal shot n (NATwA) = foul shot

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Indian n (NATwA) · nickname of NATwA winker Saul Agranoff.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Indian rule n (NATwA) · a convention in which blue squidges-off first, either green or yellow next, and then the color partnering the closer wink to the cup squidges-off. [Named for Saul Agranoff (nicknamed Indian), who first proposed it in the mid-1970s.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Individual Pairs n · a type of tournament during which each winker partners each other winker in the match; the individual with the highest total of match points is designated the winner. Abbreviated: IP.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Individuals n (NATwA) = Individual Pairs

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Inglis game n (ETwA) = positional game · an extremely passive tactical situation that results from one wink of each color being squopped and safely guarded, and free winks well grouped, so that any aggressive shot is likely to be suicidal. [Named after ETwA winker Nick Inglis, who often applied such tactics in games.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  International Federal of Tiddlywinks Associations n · the international organization that oversees the activities of recognized national and regional tiddlywinks associations (currently ETwA and NATwA), conducts world tiddlywinks championships (World Pairs, World Singles, and other events), and addresses any differences among the national associations. Abbreviated: IFTwA.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Invitational n (ETwA) · a tournament to which participating winkers are invited by the host, often held in a winker’s home.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      IP n = Individual Pairs


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        jab shot n (NATwA) · a type of shot in which the squidger is forcefully applied to a wink in a short, hard, straight motion.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          John Lennon Memorial Shot n = Lennon · a shot that produces two results: a wink is boondocked, and the shooting wink comes to rest on another wink, squopping it.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1993 June The Squopsman · In terms of technique, everyone was inspired by the consistency in potting and squopping, never mind the variety of pile shots (at last we find out exactly what the John Lennon Memorial Shot is!).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Jubilee Singles n (ETwA) · a singles match in which anyone may challenge the current champion to a match and in which the best score in five games wins.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            judge n (NATwA) = umpire · a third party called in to decide a dispute between two winkers. The ETwA term generally used is umpire, although judge is used when the matter in question is the legality of a shot.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              jump in vi (NATwA) · to send winks into an area that the opponents control.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                junior birdman n (NATwA) = Port Stanley · a bomb shot during which a wink is shot in a high trajectory into the air towards the target.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Junior Continentals n (NATwA) · a NATwA tournament restricted to teams of winkers who were high school students or younger.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 1972 February Newswink 5 · The first annual North American Junior Continental Championships have been tentatively scheduled for the weekend of March 18-19.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  kick adj obsolete = butt

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 1977 VerbatimPhilip Michael Cohen

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  kickshot n (ETwA) obsolete · a shot in which the wink is potted after bouncing on the mat.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 1964 Winking World 5 (p. 5)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  knock-off adj · said of a shot where a wink hits another wink on the pile with the intended result that the latter wink unsquops a friendly wink in the pile.Also n.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2008 Winking World 90 (p. 43) · Knock-offs from range require a lot more accuracy than the size of the target wink would suggest. — Andrew Garrard (ETwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  knock-off and squop adj · said of a shot played to free a friendly wink in a pile and squop the opponent wink that was originally squopping the wink in the target pile.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Winking World 54 · Jon then added insult to injury by going for another long pot —this flew over the cup, but got a knock-off and squop the other side! — Andy Purvis (ETwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  knock-out adj · a tournament format in which winners in each round play against each other in subsequent rounds, and losers play against losers. The ultimate winner is the winker who wins all rounds.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    kumquat n (NATwA) now obscure · a variant of a persimmon game in which three players play the two colors of a partnership in a game, with one player shooting one color regularly, and the other two players alternating shots with the other color. Usage: first played in NATwA's October 1978 Harvest tournament.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      L n (NATwA) · nickname of NATwA winker Richard Hussong.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        launch vt · to shoot a wink from atop another wink, using it as a launching pad.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          launching pad n · the wink(s) below the shooting wink that can be clicked against to send the shooting wink sharply and with a low trajectory to bomb a pile.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Lennon n = John Lennon memorial shot

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              line n = baseline

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                linear squop n · a sequence of three or more winks in which each wink (but one) is squopping just one other wink, all in a line.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  lip n · upper rim of the pot.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    little n (NATwA) · a small wink.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      London Open n (ETwA) · an ETwA pairs tournament played annually in London.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        lose vt (ETwA) = boondock

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          lunch vt · to pot an opponent’s wink as a result of shooting one’s own wink on a pile. [First used by Sunshine in the early 1970s.] Usage: early 1970s.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1977 December Verbatim (p. 4) · lunch—to pot an opponent’s wink to gain strategic advantage; to trounce, especially in get lunched. — Philip Michael Cohen

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          LUSTS n (ETwA) · acronym for the Latymer Upper School Tiddlywinks Society of London, England.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            M.U.B. n (ETwA) · onetime nickname of ETwA winker Richard Moore [Abbreviation for Miserable Unshaven Bastard.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Winking World 52

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Mad Dog n (ETwA) · onetime nickname of ETwA winker Andy Purvis.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Winking World 54 · And so we come to Little ol’ Me and Mad Dog Purvis. — Tony Heading (ETwA)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 2004 October 26 The Guardian · I was referring to the really interesting clash last week, when our very own Andy “Mad Dog” Purvis beat legendary American Larry Kahn to win the world tiddlywinks championships.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Marchant Games n (ETwA) · a British company that supplied official tiddlywinks sets to ETwA and NATwA during the late 1950s, the 1960s, and the early 1970s. Marchant also sold retail versions of tiddlywinks games in the same timeframe.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Marchant Trophy n (ETwA) · a trophy awarded to the winner of the ETwA teams of four tournament, which was played over the years to different formats and is now practically in abeyance. This was originally a challenge trophy for all-England champions. The trophy was presented originally by Marchant Games. Usage: February 1959.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                mat n · the surface on which the game of tiddlywinks is played, which is 6 feet long and 3 feet wide, and for official games is made of felt.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1958 April 7 Sports Illustrated (p. M6) · In its infancy the club quickly verified that a mat is the factor that makes a wink rise.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                mat rotation n · a system ensuring that in a serious tournament a player cannot play on the same mats too frequently.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  match play adj · a tournament structure employed in which the winner of a tournament is determined based on the number of wins rather than the sum of individual game points.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    match point n = game point

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      megacrud n (ETwA) · an illegal crud (pile break-up) shot where the squidger starts high above the intended wink on a pile that is being shot. Because of the positioning of the squidger with the winks, it is difficult to determine whether the squidger hit the winker’s proper colored wink first.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Mickey Mouse n · a form of tripleton where the squopped winks are flat and separate, usually all small, so that when squopped, two ears and a mouth/nose stick out. [After the Walt Disney animated character, Mickey Mouse. First used by the Bancroft School team in England.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          middle for diddle n (ETwA) · a cry of encouragement preceding the squidge-off. [Originated by ETwA winker John Furlonger, though popularized by ETwA winker Charles Relle.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Milton Bradley n · a United States manufacturer of tiddlywinks for the general market; usage generally connotes a quality insufficient for tournament play. Milton Bradley Company was purchased by Hasbro in 1984.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              minimum n (NATwA) · a squidger that is 25mm (formerly 1 inch) in diameter, which is the smallest permitted by the rules.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                mint-jelly squidger n (ETwA) now rare · a squidger made of nonrigid plastic, but somewhat more than credit card thickness; often from the lid of a jar of Sainsburys Mint Jelly.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Winking World 49 (p. 23)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                miracle shot n (NATwA) · a shot that attempts to accomplish objectives that are very unlikely to be achievable.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  miss-a-turn rule n (NATwA) · the rule that is in effect when players of a game have opted not to use the perimeter rule when a player’s wink goes off the playing surface. Usage: June 1993 (at the NATwA Singles).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Missing Wink n (NATwA) · a NATwA publication that appeared during the absence of Newswink. [Rhyming slang based on the phrase “missing link” in anthropology.] Usage: published May 1974 to November 1976.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      MIT n (NATwA) · acronym for a NATwA team representing the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        MITASS n (NATwA) · acronym for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Association of Squidgers and Squoppers. Usage: 1966.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 1966 May 24 The Daily Reamer (p. 8) · A hastily assembled team from the MIT association of Squidgers and Squoppers showed unexpected strength last weekend in taking second place in a triangular Tiddleywinks meet at Cornell.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        MITTwA n (NATwA) = MITwA · acronym for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Tiddlywinks Association.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          MITwA n (NATwA) = MITTwA

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            mobile adj (NATwA) = flat · a wink that is not part of a pile or in the pot.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Muenster n (NATwA) · a particular large yellow wink of Walmsleys manufacture that is much thicker on one edge than the other, and played by Sunshine in the 1970s and thereabouts. [Related to Muenster cheese, which is of a yellow/orange color.] Usage: 1970s.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                murgatroyd n (ETwA) obsolete · a badly manufactured Walmsleys wink that is flat on both sides.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1984 — Eric Partridge and Cyril Edwards

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                MUTS n (NATwA) · acronym for the MIT Undergraduate Tiddlywinks Society, a NUTS team representing the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Usage: 1962.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1963 February Technology Review (p. 44) · Michael E. Platt, ’63, captain of the MUTS (the M.I.T. Undergraduate Tiddlywink Society), admits that he thought the game was “kind of funny” at first, but now believes it really is a good game that may spread further.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                My Winkly Reader n (NATwA) · a publication of NATwA that appeared during the absence of Newswink [Name was a take-off on My Weekly Reader, a publication oriented to elementary school children in the USA.] Usage: Published from February 1977 to March 1978..


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  NAC n (NATwA) now rare · North American Championship, including the NATwA Continentals team championship, the NATwA Singles, and the NATwA Pairs.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    narg n (ETwA) · acronym for “not a real gentleman”, namely, a nerd.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      National Fours n (ETwA) · an ETwA tournament with teams consisting of four winkers.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        National Pairs n (ETwA) · ETwA’s annual pairs championship, held since 1972. The winning pair is eligible to challenge the reigning World Pairs champions. Usage: 1972 to present.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          National Singles n (ETwA) · ETwA’s annual singles championship, held since 1971. The winning winker is eligible to challenge the reigning World Singles champion. Usage: 1971 to present.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            National Undergraduate Tiddlywinks Society n · a nationwide tiddlywinks association in the United States. Usage: Operated from 1962 to 1966.. Abbreviated: NUTS.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1962 October 27 Harvard Alumni Bulletin (Cambridge, Massachusetts USA; p. 110) · Having done this, they went through some quick, intensive calesthenics, picked the four most husky of their numbers, declared they were ready, and proceeded to cries of “Desquop that wink!” and “Squidge it, Harvard,” to vanquish Holy Cross and win first place for Harvard in NUTS, the National Undergraduate Tiddlywinks Society.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            NATwA n (NATwA) · acronym for the North American Tiddlywinks Association, founded on 27 February 1966 in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. Usage: 1966 to present.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1970 April Newswink 2 · One was the official abbreviation for the North American Tiddlywinks Association (the abbr. NATwA was accepted after much heated debate).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            NATwA Pairs n (NATwA) · NATwA’s annual pairs championship, held since 1970. The winning pair is eligible to challenge the reigning World Pairs champions. Usage: 1970 to present.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              NATwA Singles n (NATwA) · NATwA’s annual singles championship, held since 1972. The winning winker is eligible to challenge the reigning World Singles champion. Usage: 1972 to present.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                NATwA Song Book n (NATwA) · NATwA’s publication of song lyrics.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  NATwAn n (NATwA) · a member of NATwA.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    needleloom adj (ETwA) now rare · a material used for tiddlywinks mats before felt was adopted.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 1997 Spring Winking World 68 (p. 20) · Mats were made of needleloom, a heavy, pileless material supplied by a firm called Peter Shepherd in Reading. They had a rubberised backing, and were slightly less springy than the present mats. — Charles Relle (ETwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Newswink n (NATwA) · official publication of NATwA. [Back-formation from Newsweek, a U.S. weekly news magazine. ] Usage: Published from 1969 to 1997.. Abbreviated: NW.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      NEWTS or Newts n (ETwA) · acronym for the New London Tiddlywinks Society, an ETwA team.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Winking World 54 (p. 2) · The selection was due to the indefatigable efforts of this lot to go to Newts meetings, despite living up to a hundred miles away! — Rob Cartwright (ETwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      NHIPper n (ETwA) · abbreviation for the National Handicapped Individual Pairs, an ETwA tournament.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        nominated wink n · a wink of any color that has been selected by a squopped-out pair to be shot as a consequence of the opponents’ failure to free following a squop-out. Usage: May 1992 to present.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 1993 January 21 news://alt.games.tiddlywinks · Finally can I have a quick survey on people's views on whether to change the current failure to free rule. I'm wholly in favour of the American system (freeing on the first available turn), rather than the old-fashioned British one (freeing on the first available shot), now that the new nominated rule has come in. — Patrick Barrie
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Winking World 54 · For the first shot of the turn immediately following the failure to free, the player due to play the next colour shall nominate a playable wink of any colour and play it as if it were his own. — Jon Mapley

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        North American Tiddlywinks Association n (NATwA) · the association of winkers and winks teams in the United States and Canada. Usage: founded 27 February 1966. Abbreviated: NATwA.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 1969 February 3 Nashua Telegraph (Nashua, New Hampshire USA; p. 16) · The 1969 championships of the North American Tiddlywinks Association are scheduled to be held this month at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology with four colleges competing.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Northern Junior Tiddlywinks Championship n (ETwA) · an ETwA tournament for students younger than college age. Usage: early 1960s.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 1965 January 5 The Times (London, England; p. 11) · Attending my first and England’s seventh Northern Junior Tiddlywinks Championship today I did not have the authority to promise any hope for the former ambition, but I was able to admire the progress being made in the second.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        nurdle vt · to shoot a wink that lands in a nurdled position, very close to the pot. Usage: 1962 to present.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          nurdle, boondock, penhaligon n (ETwA) · an ETwA drinking game based on counting.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            nurdled adj · said of a wink that is very close to the pot, typically beneath the top rim of the pot and hence probably not easy to pot.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              nursery game n · a derogatory term for low-quality, commercially-available tiddlywinks sets.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1974 August The Missing Wink (p. 4) · The development of the modern strategy game out of the Milton Bradley-style nursery game, and the step-by-step evolution of our current rules, tournaments, and teams is a process whose most important stages occurred in England. — Severin Drix (NATwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              NUTS n (NATwA) = National Undergraduate Tiddlywinks Society · abbreviation for the National Undergraduate Tiddlywinks Society in the United States. Usage: Operated from 1962 to 1966..

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                NW n (NATwA) · abbreviation for the NATwA publication, Newswink.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  OAK-BYTE1 n (NATwA) · the telephone number at 64 Dane Street in Somerville, Massachusetts: +1-617-OAK-BYTE (+1-617-625-2983). Usage: 1970s to 1980s.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    OAK-BYTE2 n (NATwA) · the name associated with the house at 64 Dane Street, Somerville, Massachusetts USA, where several winkers of NATwA’s Somerville team lived during the 1970s and 1980s. [Named according to the telephone number, +1-617-OAK-BYTE, which was in service at the house.] Usage: 1970s to 1980s.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 1974 August The Missing Wink (p. 3) · The car spent most of this free time relaxing in the Oak-byte driveway or in front of the Student Center.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Obwink n (ETwA) · name of ETwA’s Old Bancroftian tiddlywinks team. [Named because its winkers previously attended the Bancroft’s School in England.] Usage: 1976.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 1976 January Winking World 26 (p. 2) · Pam and Nigel got an impressive 17 points whilst Obwink struggled.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Old Hall n (ETwA) · a winking venue at Queens’ College, Cambridge, England.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      On the Mat n (ETwA) · a report written by Guy Consterdine and published in March 1967 that describes the origins and history of modern tiddlywinks from 1954 to 1957. Usage: published March 1967.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Other Nations n (ETwA) · the name of ETwA’s anthem, composed by Rev. E. A. Willis for use at the CUTwC-Goons match that was held on 1 March 1958. Usage: debuted March 1958.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          out = squopped out

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            OUTS n (ETwA) = Oxford University Tiddlywinks Society

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              outwinked adj · said of one or more winkers who have been outplayed by their opponents.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1959 February 27 Yale Daily News (New Haven, Connecticut USA; p. 4) · In a fiercely fought marathon Cambridge outwinked Oxford for the world tiddlywinks championship yesterday.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Oxford underhand n (ETwA) · a shot that attempts to pot a nurdled wink. It involved dragging the wink rather obviously from under the edge of the pot, and letting it go at a convenient distance from the pot. It disregarded the “quick and continuous” stipulation in the rules. Usage: early 1960s.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Oxford University Tiddlywinks Society n (ETwA) · an ETwA team representing Oxford University in Oxford, England. Abbreviated: OUTS.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1958 May 10 The Times (London, England; p. 4) · But after their exhausting contest of three hours and a quarter with the Oxford University Tiddlywinks Society they were disputing Oxford’s claim that the title now belonged to them.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Pairs n · a type of tournament in which fixed partnerships compete to win.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Palin n · an all-play-all format, where winkers play against those in the same league once, abbreviated apa1n. [Named after Sarah Palin, 2008 Republican Vice Presidential candidate in the United States, due to the similarity of “Palin” to the abbreviation, “10apa1n”.] Compare to Biden.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2008 October 14 Email · When I see something like “10apa1in” it looks too much like “Palin” and I barf all over my keyboard. — Larry Kahn (NATwA)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2008 October 16 Email · I agree with Larry that the proposed format for the 10-player final is terrible; the full Palin is the way to go, and there’s no harm in doing around on the Saturday evening. — Matt Fayers (ETwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  pass vi · electing not to take a shot during a turn.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Paul McCartney n (ETwA) · a boondock shot that results in the shot wink being subbed. [Back-formation from John Lennon Memorial Shot, which is a boondock and squop.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      PBTT n (NATwA) · abbreviation for “power behind the throne”, someone with great influence over a NATwA Secretary-General.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 1977 February My Winkly Reader (p. 11) · Subsequently, there being so many new winkers, the PBTT made introductions highlighting the uniqueness of each player.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Penhaligon or penhaligon n (ETwA) = Carnovsky [Named after a British TV presenter who managed to pot winks from a distance on his first attempt, on BBC’s Breakfast Time.] Also vi, vt.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 2008 Winking World (p. 29) · Steve displayed amazing long potting skills by Penhaligoning two winks early on — Alan Harper (ETwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      pentad n (Charles Relle) now rare · a pile in which five winks are squopped by one wink.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        perimeter rule n (NATwA) · an opt-in, unofficial rule that dictates that a wink sent off the playing surface is placed anywhere on the perimeter by the opponents, and that the shooting player does not miss his or her next shot. However, if the playing wink’s color is sent off the playing surface in conjunction with any other wink(s), the playing wink’s color misses its next shot.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          persimmon n (NATwA) = rotating three · a variant (perversion) of the official tiddlywinks game in which three winkers play the two colors of a partnership, rotating uniformly among the three players. [From persimmon, the fruit; analogy with pear, being a pun on pair, a partnership in the game of tiddlywinks. Created by NATwA winker, Sunshine.] Usage: February 1978 NATwA Continentals tournament.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1978 May 12 Newswink 8 · Some discussion is expected in the future as to the legality of “persimmons” in other NATwA matches. A “persimmon” consists of three winkers playing in a rotation, no color being controlled by any single winker. It is standard for Chicken Heart practices.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          perversion n · a game played with winks that is not the standard four-color game played to official rules. Perversions include simulations of other sports (e.g., baseball) plus other variants.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1972 February Newswink 5 · Perversions flourished in 1971. Besides squop game variations like “tennis”, sadistic games like Squidger and Bite have been experimented with.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Petrie piddle n (NATwA) obsolete = piddle

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1977 December Verbatim (p. 4) · Petrie piddle—desquopping a wink by squeezing it out from underneath a pile. — Philip Michael Cohen

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          PFTL = pot-from-the-line

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            phonecard squidger n (ETwA) now rare · a squidger made from a flexible British Telecom (BT) phonecard. Usage: 1980s.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              piddle n = chip, carve out · a delicate shot on a pile in which a squopped wink is gently freed from it.Also vt.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1977 December Verbatim (p. 4) · piddle—to make microscopic adjustments in a pile, usually to walk it off a friendly wink. — Philip Michael Cohen

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              piece n (NATwA) now rare = wink [From piece in the game of chess.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                pile n · a group of two or more winks, some squopped and ordinarily one or more free, in which each wink is either squopping another wink in the group, and/or is squopped by another wink in the group.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  pile flip n · a shot that results in a wink from within a pile or underneath a squop ending up on top.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    pile-jump n (ETwA) = gromp

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Winking World 50 (p. 13)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    PINTS n (ETwA) · acronym for the Pinner Tiddlywinks Society. [A word play on pint, the volume of a serving glass of beer.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      pip n (NATwA) now rare · a notional measure of benefit resulting from a shot. Usage: 1980s.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        pivot n · the movement of a wink around a point of contact with another wink during a shot.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Plan 47 n (ETwA) now obscure · potting a partnership’s remaining free winks when many of its winks are squopped in a large pile, with the hope that the opponents will be forced to free a wink from that pile. [Originated by British winker Gregory Hogg, a schoolfriend and winks partner of Jonathan Mapley, who fell madly in love with a girl whose house number was 47.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            plate n (ETwA) · a separate tournament involving winkers who did not qualify for the finals of a national championship tournament, along with other winkers who did not play in the tournament. [A match for defeated players originating in the Wimbledon tennis championships as the All England Plate or Wimbledon Plate, starting in 1896.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1993 November 14 news://alt.games.tiddlywinks · The format will be the same as in previous years: qualifying leagues on the Saturday and final and losers' plate on the Sunday. — Patrick Barrie

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            playing area n · The surface of the mat (3 feet by 6 feet), excluding: (a) the areas behind each baseline in the corners; (b) the area underneath the pot; and (c) portions not supported by a table below.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              plexy n (NATwA) · a squidger made of Plexiglas. [Clipped from Plexiglas, a trademark of Autuglas, International.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1977 February My Winkly Reader (p. 12) · The 2? plexi-glass sharp monster for pile busting and potting nurdled big winks is impressive, just lying there.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              point n · either a tiddly (also called a time-limit point) or a game point (also called a match point).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                point transfer n · the transfer of one game point from the losing side to the winning side in a game that ends in a potout.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  points-per-game n · the total number of game points earned by a specific winker, pair, or team, divided by the total number of games played. Abbreviated: ppg.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    points-per-loss n · the total number of game points earned in losses by a specific winker, pair, or team, divided by the total number of games lost. Abbreviated: ppl.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      points-per-tie n · the total number of game points earned in tied games by a specific winker, pair, or team, divided by the total number of tied games. Abbreviated: ppt.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        points-per-win n · the total number of game points earned in wins by a specific winker, pair, or team, divided by the total number of games won. Abbreviated: ppw.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          poke n (NATwA) · the application of a squidger to a wink on a pile using a quick, short stroke that is intended to move a single wink a short distance to result in a desired objective such as a piddle or squop.Also vi, vt.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Port Stanley n (ETwA) = bomb [Named after a bombing attack on Port Stanley airfield in the Falkland Islands in the south Atlantic Ocean, conducted by the British Royal Air Force in 1983.] Usage: First used in 1985..

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              positional game n = Inglis game · a game that is marked by many fine adjustments to the positions of winks on the mat with little offensive squopping throughout most of the game. In Britain, chiefly associated with Nick Inglis—hence sometimes an Inglis game. In the USA in the 1970s, these games were associated with Bill Renke and Ross Callon.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                poss n (ETwA) now rare = feeb · a wink shot no more than a quarter of the distance intended, especially if the shot was an easy one. [Named after Poss Ellis, OUTS winker, January 1993 during the Cambridge Open] Also adj. Usage: January 1993.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Newswink 28 (p. 10) · His partner is Oxford first-year, Poss. Imagine Charles’ delight when an enemy wink lands a millimetre away from a Poss wink. Now imagine his consternation when Poss squop attempt falls short

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                pot1 n · the cup that is placed at the center of the mat in the official game of tiddlywinks. Usage: 1890.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1891 February 12 American Stationer (p. 320) · large wood box with lithographed label, box partitioned for the different counters, handsome pot, painted and varnished, with bale and feet

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                pot2 v · to shoot a wink with the objective of having it come to rest inside the pot.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Winking World 1 (p. 2)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                pot-five-and-bring-in adj · a strategy for potting out where a winker pots five winks of one color while the sixth and last wink is behind the winker’s starting baseline, and needs to be brought in to play.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 2008 Winking World 90 (p. 14) · Having gone off with red, and facing a green pot-out threat, Bob was coerced into a pot-five-and-bring-in strategy with blue. — Alan Dean (ETwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                pot-from-the-line n · a Guinness Book of Records event in which twelve small winks at the baseline of the mat are potted in the fewest number of shots. Abbreviated: PFTL.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  pot-out or potout n · the achievement of having all winks of a color in the pot.Also vi.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    pot-squop n · a game strategy in which one player of a partnership focuses on potting out and remaining pottable, while the partner focuses on squopping the opponents.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 1970 Illustrated London News (London, England; vol. 256 no. 1) · Pundits will argue hours over two competing strategies. The “Pot-Squop” school plump for one player in a tiddley pair to pot his winks while the other delays the opposition team by “squopping” (covering) their winks with his own.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 1977 August Cornell Alumni News (Ithaca, New York USA; p. 23) · A common strategy, known as “pot-squop”, calls for a player to attempt to shoot all of one color into the cup (pot out) while using his or her other color to squop enemy winks and rescue any winks that become squopped.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    pot-style adj · holding a squidger at an obtuse (open) angle toward the direction of a shot.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      pottable adj · said of a wink that potentially can be potted, either directly or indirectly by shooting another wink.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 1977 December Verbatim (p. 4) · nurdle—to shoot (a wink) too close to the pot to be pottable or otherwise useful. — Philip Michael Cohen

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      potter n now rare · a winker in a partnership who is selected to pot winks while employing the pot-squop game strategy, and generally the winker who is better at potting than the partner.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 1977 Spring Winking World 68 (p. 18) · This was 1960, and the distinction between potter and squopper existed because double-squop strategy, in which both partners bring in their winks a view to squopping the opponents, had been invented only the year before, in Oxford. — Charles Relle (ETwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      potting at risk n · the attempt to pot a wink during a turn when a winker’s color is due to free an opponent wink at the conclusion of free turns.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        potting game (NATwA) = baseline pot

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ppg n · points-per-game average.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ppl n · points-per-loss average.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ppt n · points-per-tie average.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ppw n · points-per-win average.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  President's Joke n (CUTwC) = Sicilian Bandit Joke

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    press n (NATwA) = tap (UK) · a shot consisting predominantly of downward pressure, without a flicking motion. A press shot is often used to free a wink that is barely squopped somewhere in a pile.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      protect vt, vi · to send a wink to land near a pile where it can more readily either (1) squop any opponent winks that may be close enough to easily squop the a wink on the pile, or (2) respond to an opponent getting a wink on the pile.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        protection n · the state of having winks near enough to a pile to be able to squop any opponents approaching the pile.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          push shot n · a shot consisting overwhelmingly of lateral pressure (with little or no downward pressure), which is contrary to the rules.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1964 March Winking World 5

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          PVC n · polyvinyl chloride, a material sometimes used for making squidgers, and typically light gray in color.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            QESH n (ETwA) = QUESH · an ETwA team. [A team named from Queen Ethelburga’s School, when it was located in Harrogate, North Yorkshire, England, an establishment having nothing at all to do with any of the players on the team, but which they once happened to drive past]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              quad n (NATwA) = quadrupeton · a pile in which four winks are squopped by one wink.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                quadrupleton n (ETwA) = quad

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 2008 Winking World 90 (p. 41) · Blue still had the green doubleton, and when green missed a long squop and landed on a yellow, Matt took a quadrupleton with a big red. — John Haslegrave (ETwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Quarter Blue n (ETwA) · an award presented to a CUTwC winker for playing against Oxford.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  QuCTwC n (ETwA) · the Queens’ College Tiddlywinks Club at Cambridge University in England.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    QUESH (ETwA) = QESH

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      quick and continuous adj · said of a shot in which the squidger is moved without hesitation or discontinuity during the execution of the shot.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 1997 Spring Winking World 68 (p. 7) · From the moment when a wink starts to move irreversibly, the movement of the squidger must be quick and continuous. — Charles Relle (ETwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      QUILTS n (ETwA) · acronym for QUeensmen In London Tiddlywinks Society, an ETwA team formed by players originally from Queens’ College, Cambridge, England.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        rabbit-bashing n · racking up high scores when playing against very weak opponents.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ramp n · a wink in a pile that is leaning against another wink and is also touching the mat.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            rating n · a numerical estimate of the strength of a winker relative to other winkers, calculated using actual scores from the winker’s performance in tournaments.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 2003 Journal of Applied Statistics (vol. 30 no. 4 p. 361-372) · A new sports ratings system: The tiddlywinks world ratings — Patrick Barrie (ETwA)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ETwA.org website · Tiddlywinks World Ratings — Patrick Barrie (ETwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Red Scarf n (NATwA) · nickname of NATwA winker, Bill Gammerdinger. [Bill Gammerdinger regularly wore a red scarf to tiddlywinks tournaments to distinguish himself from other winkers.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1971 April Newswink 4 · Bill “Red Scarf” Gammerdinger — Bill Gammerdinger (NATwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            regionals n (NATwA) · NATwA’s Eastern Regional and Western Regional tournaments, played from the 1960s through the early 1980s.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              regulation n (NATwA) · the period of a game starting at the first shot after squidge-off has ended and ending at the last shot before the first round of five rounds is played at the end of a tiddlywinks game.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 2006 July 4 ETwA, NATwA email list · Rounds are taking as long as, and sometimes longer than, what the Americans call regulation. — Charles Relle

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              relevant adj · describing a wink in a position where it fulfills a useful function, e.g., protecting a pile or threatening a wink or pile.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Relix n (NATwA) · a NATwA team formed from by members of the Zoo team. [From Relix, a newsletter for fans of the musical band, the Grateful Dead]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Renaissance n (NATwA) · a NATwA team formed in fall 1976. [Named after the Renaissance bookstore in Ithaca, New York]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 1978 May 12 Newswink 8 · The first double-quad Continentals was held at MIT on February 18-19. Six teams took part in both divisions. Defending champion and pre-match favorite Renaissance stumbled out of the starting blocks, being dealt the team’s first ever head to head defeat by oft overlooked and underrated MIT.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 1979 May-June Harvard Magazine (Cambridge, Massachusetts USA; p. 37) · Joe Sachs, secretary-general of the North American Tiddlywinks Association (NATwA), wore a T-shirt that had the name of his club team, Renaissance, on the front and WORLD CUP WINKS on the back.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  resquidge vi · to conduct the squidge-off again between winkers whose squidge-offs were equally near the pot.Also n.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Rick Tucker squidger n (ETwA) now rare · 1½ inch diameter marbled-effect, sharp squidger, usually yellow, as sold to ETwA players during 1985 US tour; more generally, any squidger made by NATwA winker Rick Tucker since 1979.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      rim shot n (NATwA) · a shot during which a wink bounces off the top edge of the pot.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Rivendell n (NATwA) · a NATwA team formed by Severin Drix. [Named after a fictional place in books by author J.R.R. Tolkien]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Rocinante n (NATwA) · Rosie Wain and Andy Tomaszewski, winking partners of NATwA. [portmanteau of Rosie Wain and Andy Tomaszewski; from the name of Don Quixote’s horse in the novel, Don Quixote, by Miguel de Cervantes]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1971 April Newswink 4 · Dear Rocinante, other freaks and N.A. winkers

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          roll vi · to revolve a wink over and over on the mat along its circumferential edge as a result of a shot.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1958 April 7 Sports Illustrated (p. M7) · The Cambridge club has also considered spin (which it says is forward after squidging) and rolling—nothing is more frustrating than to successfully get a wink near the pot, only to see it roll away.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          rotate vt, vi (NATwA) · to adjust a mobile, free wink by turning the wink around in its place on the mat.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            rotating three n (ETwA) = persimmon

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              rounds n · the portion of play after time expiration when a potout has not occurred.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1997 Spring Winking World 68 (p. 19) · In the year 1960-1961, the time limit, already provided for in the rules, began to be introduced more generally. The Varsity match of 1961 was played to a 35 minute time limit. The refinement of having an extra five rounds at the end came in much later. — Charles Relle (ETwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              rules narg n (ETwA) = judge · a winker who knows the finer points of the rules, and may be summoned during a game to explain what should happen in a particular unusual situation.Also narg

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                run six vi · to pot all six winks of a color in successive shots in a single turn.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Newswink 14 (p. 13)


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Sachs squidge-off n (NATwA) now rare · a squidge-off style where the squidger is used in a squop-style manner; in other words, at an angle down in the direction of the shot. [Invented by NATwA winker Josef Sachs in the mid-1970s.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  safe n (NATwA) · a position for a wink on the mat where it is unlikely to be squopped.Also adj.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    salmon pink n (ETwA) now rare · one of the 1½ inch diameter marbled-effect squidgers made from gambling chips in Britain in the early 1980s; many were salmon pink in color.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Samson n (NATwA) now rare · onetime nickname of NATwA winker Severin Drix in the late 1960s. [Named due to Samson’s locks of hair, since Severin Drix had long hair at that time.] Usage: late 1960s.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 1967 January 10 Letter to Michael S. Gottesman · I have been in correspondence with Rosie Wain, an old friend of mine now at Cornell, and they have a lively winks club there apparently, run by a guy with the tremendous name of Severin Drix (alias Sampson) ..! — Pat Bonham (ETwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Schiller squidger n (NATwA) now rare · a sharp squidger sold by NATwA winker Tim Schiller in 1973, produced by turning on a lathe the plain rounded-edge squidgers that came in official tiddlywinks sets produced by Marchant Games and its successor, Ilkeston Toys.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Scottish Pairs n (ScotTwA) · ScotTwA’s annual pairs championship, held from 1993 to 1998. The winning pair was eligible to challenge the reigning World Pairs champions.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ScotTwA n (ScotTwA) · the Scottish Tiddlywinks Association. Revived in 1992; previously organized in some form in the 1960s. As of 2004, no longer active.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ScotTwAn n (ScotTwA) now rare · a member of ScotTwA. Usage: 1994.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              scrunge n (ETwA) = bounce out · to shoot a wink that bounces in and then out of the pot. [First used by ETwA’s Hull Guildhall team in 1962.] Usage: 1962.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Winking World 4 (p. 11) · to be scrunged.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 2008 Winking World 90 (p. 28) · Alas, my boyish good looks and amazing scrunging abilities weren’t enough to lure either of them away from the tropical climes they were visiting. — Alan Harper (ETwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Sec-Gen n = Secretary-General

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1978 May 12 Newswink 8 · At the abbreviated Congress, SecGen Joe Sachs expressed willingness to continue in the office only if regional coordinators would play an active part next season.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Secretary-General n · title of the person responsible for directing and overseeing all duties of a tiddlywinks association (IFTwA, ETwA, NATwA). Abbreviated: Sec-Gen.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1958 June 13 The Times (London, England; p. 13) · The congress, which was sponsored by the Cambridge University Tiddlywinks Club, also formed an English Tiddlywinks Association and appointed the Rev. E. A. Willis, a retired Minister, of Richmond, Surrey, who has played tiddlywinks for more than 50 years, as its secretary general.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1959 February 27 The News and Courier (Charleston, South Carolina USA; p. 6-A) · The Rev. E. A. Willis, secretary general of the English Tiddlywinks Assn., umpired one of the games and told skeptical onlookers: “This is a game that requires a lot of skill.”
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1970 April Newswink 2 · Mitchell Wand, the “hard-driving intense field general of MIT” was re-elected for the third consecutive year to the post of Secretary-General.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1974 August The Missing Wink (p. 6) · The only person from those teams that the Cornell and MIT winkers got to know at all was Mike Gottesman, the Harvard captain, who was chosen Secretary-General of NATwA when it was founded. — Severin Drix (NATwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              seduce vt · to tempt an opponent into trying a risky shot.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1964 March Winking World 5 (p. 5)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              self-protecting adj · said of a pile that can easily be gromped or bristoled to squop nearby opponent winks.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                SEPTIC n (CUTwC) · the acronym for the Society of Ex-Presidential Tiddlywinkers In Cambridge, the organization consisting of the president and prior presidents of the Cambridge University Tiddlywinks Club in England.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Winking World 90 (p. 10) · Despite the threat of a SEPTIC 7-0 in one of the first games there was no champagne until the very end with a pot-out from Stew (I think). — Ben Fairbairn (ETwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                set n · the winks and pot used in playing the game of tiddlywinks.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1958 April 7 Sports Illustrated (p. M7) · Even in apparently uniform sets, sometimes “borrowed from small brothers and sisters for an indefinite period,” measurement has often shown one wink is twice as thick as another.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                set up vt, vi · to move a wink already on top of a pile so it is better positioned to make a future desired shot, such as potting or bristoling.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  sharp adj = thin squidger · said of a squidger with a thin, sharp shooting circumferential edge.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    shoot vt, vi · to make a shot. Compare to shot1.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      shot1 n · a squidge and the corresponding results; the act of playing a wink.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        shot2 n · an exclamation of commendation for a well-made shot.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 1977 December Verbatim (p. 4) · shot—an exclamation of commendation for a good shot. Antonym: Unlucky. A Briticism, with some currency in America — Philip Michael Cohen

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        shot judge n (NATwA) = umpire · a person who judges whether a shot is performed in compliance with the rules of tiddlywinks.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Winking World 54 · Early in rounds, Jon decided to pot out of a pile. Dave demanded a shot judge. Jon objected strongly, claiming that the request was purely intimidatory as the legality of the shot would be obvious. Eventually Alan watched from a diplomatic distance as Jon made the difficult pot look easy. — Andy Purvis (ETwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Shrewsbury Open n (ETwA) · An ETwA tournament hosted at Shrewsbury School, in Shropshire, England.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Sicilian Bandit Joke n (CUTwC) = President's Joke · a joke told and retold at CUTwC dinners.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            side-by-side n (ETwA) = tangent (US)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              sideways amigos n (CUTwC) · the act of positioning a Mars Bar traversely in the mouth prior to performing an amigos. [Performed at CUTwC drinking sessions in the 1980s.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                sideways bristol n · a shot similar to a Bristol except the squidger is not held parallel to the intended direction of the wink being played.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Silver Wink n (ETwA) · a trophy donated by Prince Philip that is awarded to the winners of intervarsity university team matches in Great Britain and Northern Ireland. [Named for the design of the trophy that includes a rotating large silver wink near its top.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    single n (NATwA) · one person playing both sides of a partnership in a game normally played by a pair, e.g. in the Pairs.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      single squop n (NATwA) = singleton

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Singles n · a tiddlywinks match in which one player plays both colors of a partnership.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          singleton n (ETwA) = single squop · a one-on-one squop separate from other piles.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 2008 Winking World 90 (p. 39) · Matthew: ‘I don’t know why we’re all attacking this poxy singleton.’

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          SLU n (ETwA) now rare · nickname of ETwA winker, Chris Abrams. [Abbreviation of the nickname, Scruffy Little Urchin, in the 1990s.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            snaffle vt (ETwA) now rare = eat

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              snoove vi (CUTwC) · To play a positional shot

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Somerset Invitation n (ETwA) · an exclusive invitational tournament once held annually by ETwA winker Stew Sage in Chilcompton, Somerset.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Somervillain n (NATwA) now rare · a winker on the NATwA Somerville team.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 1970 September Newswink 3 · If in Michigan, I’d probably team up with Perlo and form one, and if in Philly, I’d play with Sunshine, while if in Boston, I’m a Somervillain. — Severin Drix (NATwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Somerville n (NATwA) · a NATwA team originally based in Somerville, Massachusetts and associated with the residence at 64 Dane Street and its OAK-BYTE telephone number.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Sotwink n (ETwA) now rare · an ETwA club based in Southampton.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Spike n (NATwA) · onetime nickname of NATwA winker Carl Chenkin.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        sponned adj (ETwA) obsolete · said of a wink on which an opponent is kneeling or standing, where the mat is on the floor. [Derived from the Goons radio show entitled “The Spon Plague”.] Usage: 1962.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Winking World 4 (p. 11)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        springy adj · the resilience of a tiddlywinks mat when a wink is squidged or played on it.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          squabble n (ETwA) obsolete = pile

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1964 March Winking World 5 (p. 5)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          squallop vt (CUTwC) obsolete = squop

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1956 CUTwC rules

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          squapt (CUTwC) obsolete = squopped, squopped out

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1956 CUTwC rules

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          squidge vt, vi · to apply a squidger to a wink to make a shot.Also n.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Winking World 1 (p. 4)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1959 March 17 The Times (London, England; p. 12) · the Bomber Command team has adopted as its motto “squidge hard, squidge sure.”
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1966 February 21 The Progress (Pennsylvania USA; p. 17) · If you squop my wink, it’ll be a difficult squidge to score a plop.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          squidge-in n · the play of a previously unplayed wink from behind a baseline on the mat.Also vi.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            squidge-off n · the determination of which color starts a game by shooting a wink of each color toward the pot from its baseline. The closest color to the pot wins the squidge-off. Also vi.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              squidger1 n · the round instrument used by a winker to play winks.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1970 April Newswink 2 · Lee Cousins, in kilt, came a very close second and drove all the women crazy with his sporran full of squidgers.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              squidger2 n now rare = potter Compare to squopper.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1962 December 14 Life (p. 122) · It set up two-man units each with a powerful offensive squidger and a canny defensive squopper.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              squidging adj · performing a squidge; shooting a wink with a squidger in the game of tiddlywinks.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1958 April 7 Sports Illustrated (p. M6) · To keep squidging muscles in supple condition before a match, Cambridge tiddlywinkers twiddle their thumbs during lectures.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              squop1 vt · to play a wink so it comes to rest vertically above some or all parts of another wink.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1972 March 24 Boston Globe (Boston, Massachusetts USA; p. 3) · MIT’s eight-man North American championship tiddlywinks team, boasting 26 collective years of practice at squidging, squopping, and potting, is flying to England tonight in hopes of out-potting Southhampton University for the World Championship.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              squop2 n · a wink that is squopped.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1962 December 14 Life (p. 121) · Hold That Squop!

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              squop3 vt · to be hit or covered by something, often violently.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1970 April Newswink 2 · Phil Villar, travelling alone back to Hartford, had an uncontrollable sneezing fit and was promptly squopped by a truck.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              squop, Bristol, John Lennon memorial shot n (ETwA) · an ETwA drinking game.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                squop-style adj · holding the squidger at a sharp angle toward the direction of a shot.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  squopped adj · a wink that in whole or in part is vertically below another wink.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    squopped-out adj (NATwA) = squopped-up · a game situation in which all winks of one color (or both colors of a partnership) are squopped or in the pot.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      squopped-up adj (ETwA) = squopped-out

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        squopper n obsolete · a winker in a partnership who is better at squopping than potting in the pot-squop game strategy. Compare to squidger2.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 1962 December 14 Life (p. 122) · It set up two-man units each with a powerful offensive squidger and a canny defensive squopper.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 1997 Spring Winking World 68 (p. 18) · This was 1960, and the distinction between potter and squopper existed because double-squop strategy, in which both partners bring in their winks a view to squopping the opponents, had been invented only the year before, in Oxford. — Charles Relle (ETwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Squopsman, The n (ScotTwA) · the official publication of the Scottish Tiddlywinks Association in the 1990s. [From the name of the Caledonian newspaper, The Scotsman] Usage: first issue published in June 1993.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          squopt adj obsolete = squopped-out

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1958 March 2 The Times (London, England; p. 16) · The Duke’s Goons are squopted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1958 April 7 Sports Illustrated (p. M6) · If both members of a pair have all their winks covered, they are said to be squopt.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          stack (ETwA) obsolete = gromp

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            StATs n · abbreviation of the St. Andrews Tiddlywinks Society in Scotland. Usage: 1990s.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1993 November 1 news://alt.games.tiddlywinks · I'd just like to say that the four members of StATS greatly enjoyed their visit to the Teams of Four in Oxford this weekend. — Ben Soares

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            StATS n (ScotTwA) · acronym for the St. Andrews Tiddlywinks Society in Scotland. Usage: 1990s.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              stoplight n · a linear squop with three winks of the same size: one green, the next yellow, and then red.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Straight, The n (NATwA) · the Willard Straight Hall (building) or the Willard Straight Memorial Room (room), a winking venue at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  strategy break n (NATwA) · the time taken between or during tiddlywinks games to partake in smoking marijuana.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    streaking n (NATwA) · a perversion in which the goal is to pot as many winks in a row as possible without missing. [named after the fad, called streaking, in the mid-1970s where people ran naked outside en masse]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      sub vt, vi = submarine · to shoot a wink that ends up coming to rest under another wink, thereby squopped. [Named after a submarine vessel that submerges in a body of water.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 1977 December Verbatim (p. 4) · sub or submarinev.t. or v.i. To shoot a wink (usually one’s own) under another. — Philip Michael Cohen
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Winking World 54 · Larry and Charles were soon involved in a close game, which Charles won when Larry subbed a Bristol late in rounds. — Andy Purvis (ETwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      submarine vt, vi = sub

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 1970 September Newswink 3 · In freeing my opponent’s wink at the end of free turns, it submarined under a very critical pile, of which I had control.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Sunsch n (NATwA) = Sunshine [Clipped from Sunshine.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Sunshine n (NATwA) · nickname of NATwA winker David Sheinson.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 1974 August The Missing Wink (p. 1) · Sunshine explained thing this way: “There was a forty per cent chance of us beating them if Bill played fifty per cent of the time with his left hand while handcuffed to VV’s ankle because the statistics clearly show that ninety per cent of all pairs who play handcuffed together have a thirty per cent chance of making two foot pots in the fifth round, providing of course the moon is full and they ate asparagus for breakfast.[“]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 1979 May-June Harvard Magazine (Cambridge, Massachusetts USA; p. 41) · The legendary figure with the late-Sixties ponytail and the bare feet, whose nom de tiddly is Sunshine.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supreme Dean, The n (NATwA) · nickname of ETwA winker Alan Dean.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 1972 February Newswink 5 · Jim [Marlin] went in search of the Supreme Dean. Alan Dean, it is written, is the Secretary of ETwA and the English Singles Champion and the holder of many records and trophies. His squidger is believed to be made of gold and his fingers precise instruments capable of potting winks and squopping piles at great distances.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 1979 May-June Harvard Magazine (Cambridge, Massachusetts USA; p. 41) · They had a player named Alan Dean, who was called The Supreme Dean and was thought to be unapproachable in ability.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        tangent adj (NATwA) = side-by-side · said of two winks that are very close to each other but not squopping each other.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          tap (ETwA) = press

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            tar baby n · a pile that attracts opponent winks that subsequently become squopped into the pile. [derived from the Uncle Remus story, Br’er Rabbit and the Tar Baby, by Joel Chandler Harris (1881). ]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              TD n (NATwA) = Tournament Director

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1978 May 12 Newswink 8 · In the last tournament of the great “twenty minute time limit” experiment, confusion and disorganization were widespread; trying to save some time, it was agreed that each team would play both opponents simultaneously instead of having team versus team rounds, and TD Joe was unable to keep the cogs, let alone the games, running smoothly.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              TDI n (NATwA) · nickname of NATwA winker Saul Agranoff. [Abbreviation of The Dumb Indian, NATwA winker Saul Agranoff’s nickname.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                teams of four n (ETwA) · the ETwA National Fours.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  tempo1 n · an abstract measure of the positive value of a good shot compared to the potential for opponents to recover from it.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tempo2 n · an advantage to be gained by forcing opponent into a shot, thereby allowing yourself a turn in which to do what you want. Essentially therefore a measure of who has the initiative. [from the game of chess.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      tetrad n (Charles Relle) = quad

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The Winks Club Mats n (CUTwC) · anthem of CUTwC, sung to the tune of the Red Flag.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Thesis, The n (CUTwC) · nickname of The Science of Tiddlywinks, a study published by members of CUTwC in 1955.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1958 March 3 The Times (London, England; p. 7) · This saying has been taken to heart by the Cambridge University Tiddlywinks Club. whose 25-page thesis on the science of tiddlywinks it prefaces.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          thin squidger n · a squidger with an edge that is sharp rather than rounded. Usage: circa 1972. Compare to blunt.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            thirty-second rule n · a rule enacted in the 1980s in which a partnership has the option to stop the game clock after 30 seconds has elapsed since the previous shot and when the opponents have not yet made a shot.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Thorpe's Ring n (ETwA) · a pile in which all winks are squopped. A circular pile is one kind of a Thorpe’s Ring. [named after ETwA winker Geoff Thorpe]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Winking World 54 · Consider a Thorpe’s Ring situation. One green in the pot, one free blue, and 22 winks in a circular pile. — Geoffe Thorpe (ETwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              tiddle vt, vi deprecated · to shoot a wink.Also n, adj.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1958 July 16 New York Herald Tribune · But the defending player tries to tiddle his wink out of danger.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1962 December 14 Life (p. 122) · The touch that won a tiddle title.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1962 December 14 Life (p. 122) · and the basic cheer, “Tiddle the Wink!”
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1977 March Youth (p. 45) · The small plastic discs are the winks; there is no “tiddle”. — Daniel Dern (NATwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              tiddledy historical = tiddly

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Tiddledy-Winks n historical · original spelling of the game of tiddlywinks. [The trademark application for TIDDLEDY-WINKS was submitted by Joseph Assheton Fincher of London, England, on 29 January 1889 and approved on 15 May 1889 in England.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1889 December 14 Manchester Times (Manchester, England; no. 1690 p. 1) · Spoof, Tiddledy Winks, Flitterkins [in an advertisement]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1890 January 18 Bristol Mercury and Daily Post (Bristol, England; no. 13006 p. 2) · The game of ‘Tiddlywinks’ proved very amusing, and ‘Lotto’ was a great favorite.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1890 August 2 Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper (New York, New York USA; p. 560) · The New Game! TIDDLEDY WINKS. By mail on receipt of Fifty cents. PUBLISHED BY E.I. HORSMAN, 80 & 82 William St., N. Y.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1890 September 15 Worcester Daily Spy (Worcester, Massachusetts USA) · Just Out. TIDDLEDY WINK! The most enchanting and fascinating game for young or old in the market. All the rage in Boston and New York. Price only 25c. For sale by C. F. HANSON & CO., 317 Main st.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1890 September 25 Sunday and Daily Republican (Springfield, Massachusetts USA; p. 8) · “Tiddledy Winks.” A new puzzle in great demand, but no supply.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1890 October 8 Baltimore Sun (Baltimore, Maryland USA; p. 2) · GAMES.—TIDDLEDY WINKS, 25 CTS.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1890 October 15 Burlington Hawk-Eye (Burlington, Iowa USA; p. 3) · “Tiddledy Winks,” the latest craze, at Gnahn’s book store.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1890 October 15 Ipswitch Journal (Ipswitch, England USA; no. 9258 p. 6) · I was glad the parcel contained our favourite Tiddledy-winks, which some of you already know already. We played it with partners, as suggested by the new copyright directions, and my little friends grew merry and excited. The flying counters and shrieks of laughter testified to their appreciation of this game of games.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1890 October 29 Alton Daily Telegraph (Alton, Illinois USA; p. 3) · The game is an effort to apply the pressure of a big ivory chip called a “tiddledy” to six small ivory chips called “winks” so as to cause them to hop, skip, jump or fly into a cup, placed at the supposed center of a circle whose circumference would pass through the middle “winks” of each player’s group as originally placed.There have been rages before, of one sort or another, but Tiddledy Winks outdoeth them all.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1890 November 7 The young folks cyclopæia of games & sports (p. 725) · TIDDLEDY WINKS. A game played by any number of persons, singly or as partners, on a table covered with a thick cloth. — John D. Champlin Jr. & Arthur E. Bostwick
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1890 December 10 Atchison Daily Globe (Atchison, Kansas USA; no. 4061) · The latest rage in the east is a game called “Tiddledy Winks.” There are so many games in the east that the western man comes honestly by his idea that the people back there do nothing else but take afternoon naps and play games.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1890 December 19 Daily Huronite (Huron, South Dakota USA; p. 4) · The Chicago Post declares that tiddledy wink will produce softening of the brain.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1890 December 21 The Morning Call (San Francisco, California USA) · In the East it has become a veritable craze, and all social affairs are considered dull and insipid unless tiddledy winks is introduced.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                tiddler n deprecated = winker

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1958 May 9 New York Times (New York, New York USA) · Is a player properly called a tiddler or a winker?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1990 The Saturday Evening Post (p. 66) · The top tiddler of Richfield Center, Michigan, unfortunately couldn’t leave well enough alone.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                tiddly n = time-limit-point · the unit of points calculated at the end of a tiddlywinks game that are used to determine the finishing order of colors for assigning match (or game) points. For each color, 3 tiddlies are earned for each wink in the pot and 1 tiddly is earned by each other unsquopped wink in play. Usage: May 1993. Plural: tiddlies.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1993 May The Rules of Tiddlywinks

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                tiddlywink n now rare = wink

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  tiddlywinker n now rare = winker

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 1967 February 25 Ithaca Journal (Ithaca, New York USA; p. 20) · Mighty Big Red Tiddlywinkers Dash Opponents… Good Show, Hey What?

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  tiddlywinks n · a competitive partnership game in which the objective is to gain an advantage over opponents by squopping opponent winks and by squidging friendly winks into a pot.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 1890 January 15 Bristol Mercury (Bristol, England; p. 6) · The game of “Tiddlywinks” proved very amusing, and “Lotto” was a great favorite.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 1894 August Contemporary Review (p. 246) · for when school was done and work over the children gathered in the brilliantly lit, hot-pipe-heated rooms and played draughts, bagatelle, lotto, or tiddly-winks.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 1926 September Bookman (p. 90) · The great realist plays an amusing game of tiddlywinks in the north woods.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 1946 March 21 Christian Science Monitor (p. 22) · A Reuters dispatch from Oxford reports that Cambridge University lowered Oxford’s colors in the first tiddlywinks contests between the two seats of learning by seven games to one.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 1956 January 31 Times-Picayune (New Orleans, Louisiana USA; p. 8) · “This is not chess,” he declares. It is tiddlywinks played for morons and neutralists[“]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 1956 December 10 The Times (London, England; p. 1) · CHAMPION TIDDLYWINKS player urgently required for remunerative position. Preferably also good golfer but this is not essential. Telephone Gro. 6363 between 11 a.m. and 5 p.m. to-day and ask for Flat 55. J. B. Powell-Jones.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2007 August 3 Congressional Record (Washington, D.C. USA; vol. 153 no. 127 p. H9666) · All we are doing down here is playing tiddlywinks with national security.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  tidleywinks n (ETwA) historical = tiddlywinks · the predominant spelling used for retail games of tiddlywinks in England from the 1930s to the early 1950s. Usage: Used in England from the 1930s to 1950s..

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tie n · a game score of 3½ to 3½ in the official game of tiddlywinks.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      time-limit n · the duration of time permitted for the play of the game prior to the play of five additional rounds.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 1997 Spring Winking World 68 (p. 18) · [In 1960] At club meetings, there was no time limit, and all games were played to a finish. — Charles Relle (ETwA)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 1997 Spring Winking World 68 (p. 19) · In the year 1960-1961, the time limit, already provided for in the rules, began to be introduced more generally. The Varsity match of 1961 was played to a 35 minute time limit. — Charles Relle (ETwA)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • xxx

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      time-limit point n = tiddly · an earlier term for what is now called tiddly.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        TKOs n (NATwA) · aconym for The Knowledgeable Ones, a NATwA team that first played in the 1974 Westerns (November), replacing Hyth.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          TO n (ETwA) = TD · Tournament Organiser.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Toads n (NATwA) · a NATwA team (also known as Chrome Toads and Xenopus).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              toucher n · a wink touching the pot. [Coined by ETwA winker Patrick Driscoll at a NATwA tournament in 2014.] Usage: 2014.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Tournament Director n (NATwA) = Tournament Organiser · a winker responsible for establishing the format and conduct of a tournament. Abbreviated: TD.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Tournament Organiser n (ETwA) = Tournament Director Abbreviated: TO.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    triple n (NATwA) · a pile in which three winks are squopped by one wink.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      triple crown n (NATwA) · the achievement of first place in the NATwA Continentals (team championships), Singles, and Pairs in the same competition year. [Derived from the term triple crown as used in other sports, e.g., winning the three major U.S. horseracing championships (Belmont Stakes, Preakness Stakes, and Kentucky Derby)]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 1978 May 12 Newswink 8 · In the Long Time No See Department, Bill “Cannonball” Renke played his first tournament game without a partner since winning the triple crown in 1973, due to his team having only five warm bodies capable of holding a squidger.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      triples n · a variant version of tiddlywinks played with six colors and six players, with three players playing in partnership against the other three.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        tripleton n (ETwA) = triple

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Trix n (NATwA) · a brand of breakfast cereal produced by General Mills Inc. that included a tiddlywinks game premium in some of its boxes; a Trix tiddlywinks set was used by early NATwA winker, Severin Drix, prior to using official equipment. Usage: produced in 1962.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1974 August The Missing Wink (p. 5) · He [Severin Drix] knew no other winkers, had no official sets (the first equipment Cornell started with was a Trix cereal set and a scarf!) — Severin Drix (NATwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          trundle n (NATwA) obsolete = gromp

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1977 December VerbatimPhilip Michael Cohen

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          tub n (NATwA) deprecated = pot

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1971 April Newswink 4 · Each time a wink covers another player’s wink, the covering player gets an extra turn to uncover and the first player to get all his winks into the tub wins.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Tucker Two-Turn n (NATwA) · a variation on partnership play in which two (or more) players play the two colors of a partnership, but one player plays the turns for both colors consecutively, and then the other player does; partnership play continues in this fashion.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            turn n · one shot, or a sequence of shots, made by the player of a color, where each shot after the first one is an extra shot resulting from a wink of that color being potted on a previous shot. Compare to free turn.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              turnover n (ETwA) = flip

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Tw or tw n · abbreviation for tiddlywinks.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  two-minute rule n · a rule enacted in the 1980s, but rarely enforced and later dropped from the rules, in which a partnership has only 2 minutes to play a shot in rounds, after which time the shot is forfeited.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    two-ply n · said of a tiddlywinks mat made of two plies of felt, one light gray, one off-white, available from the early 1960s to 1973.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ULU (ETwA) = sub, autosquop [Abbreviation of the University of London Union, whose winkers had a tendency to sub their winks.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 1977 December Verbatim (p. 4) · sub or submarine v.t. or v.i. To shoot a wink (usually one's own) under another. In England called an autosquop of ULU. (The latter, pronounced YOO-loo, is said to refer to an unfortunate habit of the University of London Union team.) — Philip Michael Cohen

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ULU n (ETwA) = sub [abbreviation of the University of London Union, whose tiddlywinks club was prone to subbing winks.]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        umpire n (ETwA) = judge · a person who determines whether or not a wink identified by one of the winkers in the game is squopped.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          unlucky adj (ETwA) · a friendly proclamation by a fellow winker that a shot did not achieve intended results.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            unsquopped adj · a wink that is not squopped; it may be a free wink or it may be an unplayed wink behind the baseline.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              unsupported mat n · a portion of the playing surface that is not over, and is therefore not supported by, a table.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Winking World 54 · Acceptance of the American ruling that winks resting on unsupported mat over the edge of an under-sized table should not be penalised by the forfeiture of a shot. — Jon Mapley (ETwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              unwinked adj uncommon · not knowledgeable about the game of tiddlywinks.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 2004 October 9 ETwA email list · From a publicity point of view, either format is understandable to the great unwinked public. — Charles Relle

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              up n = free · said of winks that are unsquopped and in play.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Varsity Match n (ETwA) · the CUTwC vs. OUTS teams match.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Visine shot n (NATwA) · a shot in which a red wink is squopped. [from Visine, an eye care product, which advertised that it “gets the red out”.]


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Walmsleys n (ETwA) · a British supplier of winks and squidgers until the 1980s.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      warp n · a property of some older (Marchant/Ilkeston Toys/Walmsleys) winks in which one part of the wink had more concavity than the rest of the wink.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        waste vt, vi (ETwA) = lose, boondock

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Wessex Trophy or Wessex Cup n (ETwA) · competition inaugurated in 1988 for two large, amorphous teams chosen on the morning of the tournament from amongst those present; held in London. Usage: 1988.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Western Regionals n (NATwA) · an annual NATwA teams tournament, generally held in November at either Cornell or in Toronto. Usage: 1970 to 1980.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1971 April Newswink 4 · 1971 Newswink 4, April. The first Western Regionals were held at Cornell University the weekend of Nov. 21-22 [1970].

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            WETS n (ETwA) · acronym for the Wessex Exiles Tiddlywinks Society club team in England.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              wiggle vt (NATwA) · to make a miniscule adjustment to a wink on a pile.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Willard Straight n (NATwA) = Straight

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Willlis, Rev. E. A. (Edgar Ambrose) n (ETwA) · the first ETwA Secretary-General and a dominant personality of the CUTwC club in the 1950s.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    wink1 n · a disk played in the game of tiddlywinks.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      wink2 vi · to play the game of tiddlywinks.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        winkdom n · the sphere of tiddlywinks activity in the world.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 1977 February My Winkly Reader (p. 3) · Has winkdom become a felt jungle where jackals with sharp squidgers pounce on weekend squoppers to pad their egos and averages?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • xxx

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        winked out adj (NATwA) · fatigued due to playing tiddlywinks.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          winker n · a tiddlywinks player.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1977 February My Winkly Reader (p. 1) · Will you always be a winker?

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          winking2 adv (NATwA) uncommon · a letter closing that expresses warmth from a winker.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 2004 December 26 NATwA email list · Winking, Dave — Dave Lockwood

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          winking1 adj · playing tiddlywinks.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1977 February My Winkly Reader (p. 2) · Do you expect to be winking in 5 years?

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Winking World n (ETwA) · the official publication of the English Tiddlywinks Association. Usage: Published since February 1961.. Abbreviated: WW.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Winkly Reader n (NATwA) = My Winkly Reader

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              winks1 n = tiddlywinks · the game of tiddlywinks.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1971 April Newswink 4 · We agree the name should be changed to Winks as that is how it has been referred to here for many years. — Phil Villar (NATwA)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              winks2 n · plural of wink (1).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1893 July-September Exhibit of the Games in the Columbian Exhibition (p. 209) · The comparatively new game “Tiddledy winks” follows, leading up to a recent German game called the “Newest War Game”, in which the men or “winks” are played upon a board upon which are represented two opposing fortresses. — Stewart Culin

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Winks Rampant3 n (ETwA) · a report by Guy Consterdine, published in October 1972, describing the development of modern tiddlywinks in England from 1957 to 1958.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                winks rampant1 n (ETwA) · the game of tiddlywinks, flourishing in popularity.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  winks rampant2 n (ETwA) · a design depicting an array of winks.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 1958 March 3 The Times (London, England; p. 7) · The Cambridge players wore dinner jackets and ties embroidered with a tiddlywink rampant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  winksmanship or winkmanship n · the craft of playing tiddlywinks well.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 1969 April Newswink 1 · There were some tense and exciting matches, but the superior winkmanship of the MIT ‘A’ team enabled them to take the trophy for the second year in succession.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  winx n = winks [Variant spelling of winks, popularized by Canadian winkers of NATwA in 1978 but also appearing earlier]

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2010 January 14 ETwA email list · Would anyone be interested in a game of winx in Maidstone on Saturday? — Charles Relle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 1977 February My Winkly Reader (p. 1) · This was the summer when the trend of returning to the ancestral homeland began in the winx world.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  World Masters n · a match restricted to winkers who have won a World Singles championship match.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    World Pairs n · a world championship match for pairs players in which the current world champion (or a national Pairs winner) is challenged by a national Pairs winner. The match is won by scoring the most match points in seven games. Usage: played since 1978. Abbreviated: WP.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      World Singles n · a world championship match for singles players in which the current world champion is challenged by a national Singles champion. The match is won by scoring the most match points in seven games. Usage: played since 1973. Abbreviated: WS.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        World Teams n · a world championship match for teams representing national tiddlywinks associations.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          WOY n (NATwA) · acronym for Winker of the Year.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Written Word n (NATwA) · a tiddlywinks publication by Joe Sachs. [Named in contrast to +1-617-SPOKENW (Spoken Word), the telephone number used at the residence of Joe Sachs and Charles Frankston in Somerville, Massachusetts.] Usage: Published in July 1978.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              xylophone shot n (ETwA) · a shot, usually illegal, in which the squidger is dragged across three or more winks that form a linear squop.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Winking World 50 (p. 14)


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Yvonne F. Lukey Award n (NATwA) · a mythical NATwA award.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1970 Newswink 2 · We are contemplating presenting a trophy to NATwA to be known hereafter as the Yvonne F. Lukey Memorial Trophy.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1971 Newswink 4 · Every year, the Mythical Yvonne F. Lukey Memorial Award is given to the player who succeeds in making the most improbable shot of the Continentals tournament.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              zero1 n · the set of turns (the zeroeth round) occurring after the time limit for a game has been reached and before the first round of five rounds begins with the squidge-off winner’s color.Also zeroeth adj.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1972 Newswink 5 · The turning point of the match occur[r]ed in the 0th round when branch leaders from Philly and Boston met and held a trade.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • xxx

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              zero2 n · the score awarded to the losing side in a pot-out when the winning side has potted out both colors before either of the opponents.Also zeroed vi.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1993 March 20 news://alt.games.tiddlywinks · At one point I went almost 10 years without getting zeroed in a tournament game, but over the last few years I seem to have gotten a few more 0's than I would have liked. — Larry Kahn

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Zoo n (NATwA) · a NATwA team originating in MIT’s MacGregor Hall dormitory in its B-Entry living group, and later becoming the team named Relix. Usage: first played in the October 1972 Halloween Open Teams Tournament..